Browse data: Reference

Jump to: navigation, search

Click on one or more items below to narrow your results.


Showing below up to 452 results in range #1 to #452.

View (previous 750 | next 750) (20 | 50 | 100 | 250 | 500)

  1. ADVANCE publications (ADVANCE project team (2014). ADVANCE publications.URL:
  2. AGECC, 2010 (AGECC (2010). Energy for a sustainable future. Summary report and recommendations, The secretary-general's Advisory group on Energy and climate Change, New York.)
  3. Ackah et al., 2009 (C. Ackah, M. Bussolo, R. De Hoyos, D. Medvedev (2009). A new dataset on global income distribution, The World Bank.)
  4. Admiraal et al., 2016 (A. K. Admiraal, A. F. Hof, M. G. J. den Elzen, D. P. van Vuuren (2016). Costs and benefits of differences in the timing of greenhouse gas emission reductions. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 21(8), pp. 1165-1179, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  5. Aguiar et al., 2016 (Angel Aguiar, Badri Narayanan, Robert McDougall (2016). An Overview of the GTAP 9 Data Base. Journal of Global Economic Analysis, 1(1), doi:
  6. Alcamo et al., 1998 (J. Alcamo, R. Leemans, E. Kreileman (1998). Global change scenarios of the 21st century, results from the IMAGE 2.1 model. Pergamon, Kidlington, UK.)
  7. Alcamo et al., 2003 (J. Alcamo, P. Döll, T. Henrichs, F. Kaspar, B. Lehner, T. Rösch, S. Siebert (2003). Development and testing of the Water. GAP 2 global model of water use and availability. Hydrological Sciences, 48(3), pp. 317-337.)
  8. Alcamo, 1994 (J. Alcamo (1994). IMAGE 2.0 Integrated Modelling of Global Climate Change, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht / Boston / London.)
  9. Alexandratos and Bruinsma, 2012 (Nikos Alexandratos, J. Bruinsma (2012). World agriculture towards 2030/2050: the 2012 revision, FAO, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations(URL:
  10. Alkemade et al., 2009 (R. Alkemade, M. Van Oorschot, L. Miles, C. Nellemann, M. Bakkenes, B. Ten Brink (2009). GLOBIO3: A framework to investigate options for reducing global terrestrial biodiversity loss. Ecosystems, 12(3), pp. 374-390.
    Link to PBL-website:
  11. Alkemade et al., 2011a (R. Alkemade, M. Bakkenes, B. Eickhout (2011). Towards a general relationship between climate change and biodiversity: an example for plant species in Europe. Regional Environmental Change, 11(Suppl. 1), pp. 143-150, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  12. Alkemade et al., 2011b (Alkemade, R., Janse, J.H., Van Rooij, W., Trisurat, Y. (2011). Applying GLOBIO at different geographical levels. In: Trisurat, Y., Shrestha, R.P., Alkemade, R. (eds.), Land Use, Climate change and biodiversity modeling: perspectives and applications. IGI Global, Hershey (PA), USA, pp. 150-170.)
  13. Alkemade et al., 2012 (R. Alkemade, R.S. Reid, M. Van den Berg, J. De leeuw, M. Jeuken (2012). Assessing the impact of livestock production on biodiversity in rangeland ecosystems. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS)(Early edition), doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  14. Arets et al., 2011 (E.J.M.M. Arets, P.J. van der Meer, C.C. Verwer, G.M. Hengeveld, G.W. Tolkamp, G.J. Nabuurs, M. van Oorschot (2011). Global wood production : assessment of industrial round wood supply from forest management systems in different global regions, Alterra Wageningen UR.)
  15. Argotte and Epple, 1990 (L Argotte, D. Epple (1990). Learning curves in manufacturing. Science, 247, pp. 920-924.)
  16. Armington, 1969 (P. S. Armington (1969). A theory of demand for products distinguished by place of production.. IMF Staff papers, 16, pp. 159-76.)
  17. Azar and Dowlatabadi, 1999 (C. Azar, H. Dowlatabadi (1999). A review of technical change in assessment of climate policy. Annual Review of Energy and the Environment, 24, pp. 513-544.)
  18. Bagstad et al., 2013 (K.J. Bagstad, G.W. Johnson, B. Voigt, F. Villa (2013). Spatial dynamics of ecosystm service flows: A comprehensive approach to quntifying actual services. Ecosystem services, 4, pp. 117-125.)
  19. Bakkes et al., 2008 (J.A. Bakkes, P.R. Bosch, A.F. Bouwman, H.C. Eerens, M.G.J. den Elzen, M. Isaac, P.H.M. Janssen, K. Klein Goldewijk, T. Kram, F.A.A.M. de Leeuw, J.G.J. Olivier, M.M.P. van Oorschot, E.E. Stehfest, D.P. van Vuuren, P. Bagnoli, J. Chateau, J. Corfee-Morlot, Y-G. Kim (2008). Background report to the OECD Environmental Outlook to 2030. Overviews, details, and methodology of model-based analysis, J.A. BakkesP.R. Bosch (eds.), MNP. Link to PBL-website:
  20. Ballantyne et al., 2012 (A. P. Ballantyne, C. B. Alden, J. B. Miller, P. P. Tans, J. W. C. White (2012). Increase in observed net carbon dioxide uptake by land and oceans during the past 50 years. Nature, 488, pp. 70-72, doi:
  21. Banse et al., 2008 (M Banse, H van Meijl, A Tabeau, G Woltjer (2008). Will EU biofuel policies affect global agricultural markets?. European Review of Agricultural Economics, 35, pp. 117-141.)
  22. Barredo et al., 2012 (J. I. Barredo, D. Saurí, M. C. Llasat (2012). Assessing trends in insured losses from floods in Spain 1971-2008. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 12(5), pp. 1723-1729.)
  23. Bartholome et al., 2004 (E. Bartholome, A. Belward, R. Beuchle, H. Eva, S. Fritz, A. Hartley, P. Mayaux, H-J. Stibig (2004). Global Land Cover for the year 2000.European CommissionJoint Research Centre.Access date: 2004.)
  24. Batjes, 1997 (N.H. Batjes (1997). A world data set of derived soil properties by FAO-UNESCO soil unit for global modelling. Soil use and management, 13, pp. 9-16.)
  25. Batjes, 2009 (N. H. Batjes (2009). Harmonized soil profile data for applications at global and continental scales: updates to the WISE database. Soil Use and Management, 25(2), pp. 124-127.)
  26. Bell and Tobin, 2007 (H.M. Bell, G.A. Tobin (2007). Efficient and effective? The 100-year flood in the communication and perception of flood risk. Environmental Hazards, 7, pp. 302-311.)
  27. Benitez-Lopez et al., 2010 (A. Benitez-Lopez, R. Alkemade, P. A. Verweij (2010). The impacts of roads and other infrastructure on mammal and bird populations: A meta-analysis. Biological Conservation, 143(6), pp. 1307-1316.)
  28. Beringer et al., 2011 (T. Beringer, W. Lucht, S. Schaphoff (2011). Bioenergy production potential of global biomass plantations under environmental and agricultural constraints. Global Change Biology Bioenergy, 3(4), pp. 299-312.)
  29. Beusen et al., 2008 (A. H. W. Beusen, A. F. Bouwman, P. S. C. Heuberger, G. Van Drecht, K. W. Van Der Hoek (2008). Bottom-up uncertainty estimates of global ammonia emissions from global agricultural production systems. Atmospheric Environment, 42(24), pp. 6067-6077, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  30. Beusen et al., 2014 (A.H.W. Beusen, L.P.H. Van Beek, A.F. Bouwman, J.J. Middelburg (2014). Exploring changes in nitrogen and phosphorus biogeochemistry in global rivers in the twentieth century. In: A.H.W. Beusen (eds.), Transport of nutriens from land to sea: Global modeling approaches and uncertainty analyses.)
  31. Beusen et al., 2015 (A. H. W. Beusen, L. P. H. Van Beek, A. F. Bouwman, J. M. Mogollón, J. J. Middelburg (2015). Coupling global models for hydrology and nutrient loading to simulate nitrogen and phosphorus retention in surface water - Description of IMAGE-GNM and analysis of performance. Geoscientific Model Development, 8(12), pp. 4045-4067, doi:
  32. Beusen et al., 2016 (A. H. W. Beusen, A. F. Bouwman, L. P. H. Van Beek, J. M. Mogollón, J. J. Middelburg (2016). Global riverine N and P transport to ocean increased during the 20th century despite increased retention along the aquatic continuum. Biogeosciences, 13(8), pp. 2441-2451, doi:
  33. Beusen, 2014 (Beusen A.H.W. (2014). Transport of nutriens from land to sea: Global modeling approaches and uncertainty analyses.Ph.D thesis.Utrecht University.The Netherlands.URL:
  34. Bianchi et al., 2005 (F. J. J. A. Bianchi, W. K. R. E. van Wingerden, A. J. Griffioen, M. van der Veen, M. J. J. van der Straten, R. M. A. Wegman, H. A. M. Meeuwsen (2005). Landscape factors affecting the control of Mamestra brassicae by natural enemies in Brussels sprout. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 107(2-3), pp. 145-150, doi:
  35. Biemans et al., 2009 (H. Biemans, R. W. A. Hutjes, P. Kabat, B. J. Strengers, D. Gerten, S. Rost (2009). Effects of precipitation uncertainty on discharge calculations for main river basins. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 10(4), pp. 1011-1025.)
  36. Biemans et al., 2011 (H Biemans, I Haddeland, P Kabat, F Ludwig, RWA Hutjes, J Heinke, W Von Bloh, D Gerten (2011). Impact of reservoirs on river discharge and irrigation water supply during the 20th century. Water Resources Research, 47(3), pp. W03509, doi:
  37. Biemans et al., 2013 (H. Biemans, L.H. Speelman, F. Ludwig, E.J. Moors, A.J. Wiltshire, P. Kumar, D. Gerten, P. Kabat (2013). Future water resources for food production in five South Asian river basins and potential for adaptation — A modeling study. Science of The Total Environment, 468–469(Supplement), pp. S117-S131, doi:
  38. Biemans, 2012 (H. Biemans (2012). Water constraints on future food production.Earth System Science.Ph.D thesis.Wageningen University.The Netherlands.)
  39. Bierkens and Van Beek, 2009 (M. F. P. Bierkens, L. P. H. Van Beek (2009). Seasonal predictability of European discharge: NAO and hydrological response time. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 10(4), pp. 953-968.)
  40. Bijl et al., 2016 (D. L. Bijl, P. W. Bogaart, T. Kram, B. J. M. de Vries, D. P. van Vuuren (2016). Long-term water demand for electricity, industry and households. Environmental Science and Policy, 55, pp. 75-86, doi:
  41. Bijl et al., 2017 (D.L. Bijl, P.W. Bogaart, S.C. Dekker, E. Stehfest, B.J.M. de Vries, D.P. van Vuuren (2017). A physically-based model of long-term food demand. Global Environmental Change, 45, pp. 47-62, doi:
  42. Bijl et al., 2018a (D.L. Bijl, H. Biemans, P.W. Bogaart, S.C. Dekker, J.C. Doelman, E. Stehfest, D.P. van Vuuren (2018). A Global Analysis of Future Water Deficit Based On Different Allocation Mechanisms. Water Resources Research, 54(8), pp. 5803-5824, doi:
  43. Bindraban et al., 2012 (P.S. Bindraban, M. van der Velde, L. Ye, M. van den Berg, S. Materechera, D. I. Kiba, L. Tamene, K. V. Ragnarsdóttir, R. Jongschaap, M. Hoogmoed, W. Hoogmoed, C. van Beek, G. van Lynden (2012). Assessing the impact of soil degradation on food production. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 4(5), pp. 468-488, doi:
  44. Bobbink et al., 2010 (R. Bobbink, K. Hicks, J. Galloway, T. Spranger, R. Alkemade, M. Ashmore, M. Bustamante, S. Cinderby, E. Davidson, F. Dentener, B. Emmett, J. Erisman, M. Fenn, F. Gilliam, A. Nordin, L. Pardo, W. de Vries (2010). Global assessment of nitrogen deposition effects on terrestrial plant diversity: a synthesis.. Ecological Applications, 20(1), pp. 30-59.)
  45. Boccaccio and Petacchi, 2009 (L. Boccaccio, R. Petacchi (2009). Landscape effects on the complex of Bactrocera oleae parasitoids and implications for conservation biological control. BioControl, 54, pp. 607-616.)
  46. Bondeau et al., 2007 (A. Bondeau, P. C. Smith, S. Zaehle, S. Schaphoff, W. Lucht, W. Cramer, D. Gerten, H. Lotze-Campen, C. Müller, M. Reichstein, B. Smith (2007). Modelling the role of agriculture for the 20th century global terrestrial carbon balance. Global Change Biology, 13(3), pp. 679-706.)
  47. Bouwer et al., 2010 (L. M. Bouwer, P. Bubeck, J. C. J. H. Aerts (2010). Changes in future flood risk due to climate and development in a Dutch polder area. Global Environmental Change, 20(3), pp. 463-471.)
  48. Bouwman et al., 1993 (A. F. Bouwman, I. Fung, E. Matthews, J. John (1993). Global analysis of the potential for N2O production in natural soils. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 7(3), pp. 557-597, doi:
  49. Bouwman et al., 1997 (A. F. Bouwman, D. S. Lee, W. A. H. Asman, F. J. Dentener, K. W. Van Der Hoek, J. G. J. Olivier (1997). A global high-resolution emission inventory for ammonia. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 11(4), pp. 561-587, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  50. Bouwman et al., 2002a (A. F. Bouwman, L. J. M. Boumans, N. H. Batjes (2002). Emissions of N2O and NO from fertilized fields: Summary of available measurement data. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 16(4), pp. 6-1, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  51. Bouwman et al., 2002b (A. F. Bouwman, D. P. Van Vuuren, R. G. Derwent, M. Posch (2002). A global analysis of acidification and eutrophication of terrestrial ecosystems. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 141(1-4), pp. 349-382, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  52. Bouwman et al., 2005 (A. F. Bouwman, K. W. Van Der Hoek, B. Eickhout, I. Soenario (2005). Exploring changes in world ruminant production systems. Agricultural Systems, 84(2), pp. 121-153, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  53. Bouwman et al., 2006 (A.F. Bouwman, K.W. van der Hoek, G. Van Drecht, B. Eickhout (2006). World livestock and crop production systems, land use and environment between 1970 and 2030. In: F. BrouwerB. McCarl (eds.), Rural Lands, Agriculture and Climate beyond 2015: A new perspective on future land use patterns. Springer, Dordrecht, pp. 75-89, URL:
  54. Bouwman et al., 2011 (A. F. Bouwman, M. Paw?owski, C. Liu, A. H. W. Beusen, S. E. Shumway, P. M. Glibert, C. C. Overbeek (2011). Global Hindcasts and future projections of coastal nitrogen and phosphorus loads due to shellfish and seaweed aquaculture. Reviews in Fisheries Science, 19(4), pp. 331-357, doi:
  55. Bouwman et al., 2013b (L. Bouwman, K. K. Goldewijk, K. W. Van Der Hoek, A. H. W. Beusen, D. P. Van Vuuren, J. Willems, M. C. Rufino, E. Stehfest (2013). Exploring global changes in nitrogen and phosphorus cycles in agriculture induced by livestock production over the 1900-2050 period. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110(52), pp. 20882-20887, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  56. Bouwman et al., 2013c (A. F. Bouwman, A. H. W. Beusen, C. C. Overbeek, D. P. Bureau, M. Pawlowski, P. M. Glibert (2013). Hindcasts and future projections of global inland and coastal nitrogen and phosphorus loads due to finfish aquaculture. Reviews in Fisheries Science, 21(2), pp. 112-156, doi:
  57. Braakhekke et al., 2019 (Braakhekke, M. C., Doelman, J. C., Baas, P., Müller, C., Schaphoff, S., Stehfest, E., van Vuuren, D. P. (2019). Modeling forest plantations for carbon uptake with the LPJmL dynamic global vegetation model. Earth System Dynamics, 10(4), pp. 617-630, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  58. Braspenning Radu et al., 2016 (O. Braspenning Radu, M. van den Berg, Z. Klimont, S. Deetman, G. Janssens-Maenhout, M. Muntean, C. Heyes, F. Dentener, D. P. van Vuuren (2016). Exploring synergies between climate and air quality policies using long-term global and regional emission scenarios. Atmospheric Environment, 140, pp. 577-591, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  59. Brinkman et al., 2005 (S. Brinkman, B. Strengers, J van Minnen, Nabuurs, G.J., E. Trines (2005). IMAGE 2.2 Carbon Cycle Analysis, Brinkman Climate Change Consultant(URL:
  60. Britz, 2003 (W. Britz (2003). Major enhancements of @2030 Modelling system.URL:
  61. Brown, 2000 (C. Brown (2000). The global outlook for future wood supply from forest plantations, Working Paper, FAO, Rome.)
  62. Bruinsma, 2003 (J. Bruinsma (2003). World agriculture: towards 2015/2030., An FAO perspective, Earthscan, London.)
  63. Burkhard et al., 2012 (B. Burkhard, F. Kroll, S. Nedkov, F. Müller (2012). Mapping ecosystem service supply, demand and budgets. Ecological indicators, 21, pp. 17-29.)
  64. Cairncross and Valdmanis, 2006 (S. Cairncross, V. Valdmanis (2006). Water supply, sanitation, and hygiene promotion, Disease control priorities in developing countries. Oxford University Press, New York, pp. 771-792.)
  65. Carle and Holmgren, 2008 (J. Carle, P. Holmgren (2008). Wood from Planted Forests. Forest Products Journal, 58(12), pp. 6-18.)
  66. Carpenter et al., 2006 (S.R. Carpenter, P. Pingali, E.M. Bennet, M.B. Zurek (2006). Ecosystems and human well-being: scenarios, Millennium Ecosystem Assessment - MA (2005) project (eds.), Island Press, Washington, D.C., 2.)
  67. Carson, 2010 (R.T. Carson (2010). The Environmental Kuznets Curve: Seeking Empirical Regularity and Theoretical Structure. Review of Environmental Economics and Policy, 4(1), pp. 3-23, doi:
  68. Cengic et al., 2020 (Mirza Čengić, Jasmijn Rost, Daniela Remenska, Jan H. Janse, Mark A. J. Huijbregts, and Aafke M. Schipper (2020). On the importance of predictor choice, modelling technique, and number of pseudo‐absences for bioclimatic envelope model performance. Ecology and Evolution, 10(21), pp. 12307–12317, doi:
  69. Chateau et al., 2013 (J. Chateau, R. Dellink, E. Lanzi, B. Magné (2013). An overview of the OECD ENV-Linkages model - version 3, OECD Environment Working paper 42, OECD Publishing, OECD, Paris.)
  70. Chen and Ravallion, 2008 (S. Chen, M. Ravallion (2008). The developing world Is poorer than we thought, but no less successful in the fight against poverty, World Bank Policy Research Working Paper, World Bank, Washington DC.)
  71. Chuwah et al., 2015 (C. Chuwah, T. van Noije, D. P. van Vuuren, E. Stehfest, W. Hazeleger (2015). Global impacts of surface ozone changes on crop yields and land use. Atmospheric Environment, 106, pp. 11-23, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  72. Cleveland et al., 1999 (C.C. Cleveland, A.R. Townsend, D.S. Schimel, H. Fisher, R.W. Howarth, L.O. Hedin, S.S. Perakis, E.F. Latty, J.C. Von Fisher, A. Elserod, M.F. Wasson (1999). Global patterns of terrestrial biological nitrogen (N2) fixation in natural ecosystems. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 13, pp. 623-645.)
  73. Cofala et al., 2002 (J. Cofala, C. Heyes, Z. Klimont, M. Amann (2002). Acidification, eutrophication and tropospheric ozone impacts for five scenarios of greenhouse gases abatement in Europe, IIASA, Laxenburg, Austria.)
  74. Costanza et al., 1997 (R. Costanza, R. d'Arge, R.S. De Groot, S. Farber, M. Grasso, B. Hannon, K. Limburg, S. Naeem, R.V. O'Neil, J. Paruelo, R.G. Raskin, P. Sutton, M van den Belt (1997). The value of the world's ecosystem services and natural capital. Nature, 387, pp. 253-260.)
  75. Craig et al., 1999 (M. H Craig, R. W. Snow, D. le Sueur (1999). A climate-based distribution model of malaria transmission in Africa. Parasitology Today, 15(3), pp. 105-111.)
  76. Criqui et al., 2003 (P. Criqui, A. Kitous, M.M. Berk, M.G.J. den Elzen, B. Eickhout, P. Lucas, D.P. van Vuuren, N. Kouvaritakis, D. Vanregemorter (2003). Greenhouse gas reduction pathways in the UNFCCC Process up to 2025 - Technical Report, CNRS-IEPE, Grenoble, France.)
  77. Crossman et al., 2013 (N.D. Crossman, B. Burkhard, S. Nedkov, L. Willemen, K. Petz, I. Palomo, E.G. Drakou, B. Martín-Lopez, T. McPhearson, K. Boyanova, R. Alkemade, B. Egoh, M.B. Bunbar, J. Maes (2013). A blueprint for mapping and modelling ecosystem services. Ecosystem services, 4, pp. 4-14.)
  78. DMA, 1992 (DMA (1992). Digital Chart of the World.Defense Mapping Agency.Fairfax, Virginia.)
  79. Dagnachew et al., 2018 (A.G. Dagnachew, P.L. Lucas, A.F. Hof, D.P. van Vuuren (2018). Trade-offs and synergies between universal electricity access and climate change mitigation in Sub-Saharan Africa. Energy Policy, 114, pp. 355-366, doi:
  80. Dagnachew et al., 2020 (Anteneh G.Dagnachew, Andries F.Hof, Paul L.Lucas, Detlef P.van Vuuren (2020). Scenario analysis for promoting clean cooking in Sub-Saharan Africa: Costs and benefits. Energy, 192, doi:
  81. Daioglou et al., 2012 (V. Daioglou, B. J. van Ruijven, D. P. van Vuuren (2012). Model projections for household energy use in developing countries. Energy, 37(1), pp. 601-615, doi:
  82. Daioglou et al., 2014 (V. Daioglou, A. P. C. Faaij, D. Saygin, M. K. Patel, B. Wicke, D. P. Van Vuuren (2014). Energy demand and emissions of the non-energy sector. Energy and Environmental Science, 7(2), pp. 482-498, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  83. Daioglou et al., 2015 (V. Daioglou, B. Wicke, A. P. C. Faaij, D. P. van Vuuren (2015). Competing uses of biomass for energy and chemicals: Implications for long-term global CO2 mitigation potential. GCB Bioenergy, 7(6), pp. 1321-1334, doi:
  84. Davies et al., 2013 (Davies, E.G.R., Kyle P. and Edmonds J.A. (2013). An integrated assessment of global and regional water demands for electricity generation to 2095.. Advances in Water Resources, 52, pp. 296-313, doi: 10.1016/j.advwatres.2012.11.020.)
  85. De Boer and Van Vuuren, 2017 (H.S. de Boer and D.P. van Vuuren (2017). Representation of variable renewable energy source in TIMER, an aggregated energy system simulation model. Energy Economics, 64, pp. 600-611, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  86. De Bruin et al., 2009 (K. C. de Bruin, R. B. Dellink, R. S. J. Tol (2009). AD-DICE: An implementation of adaptation in the DICE model. Climatic Change, 95(1-2), pp. 63-81, doi:
  87. De Groot et al., 2012 (R.S. De Groot, L. Brander, S. van der Ploeg, R. Costanza, F. Bernard, L. Braat, M. Christie, N.D. Crossman, A. Ghermandi, L. Hein, S. Hussain, P. Kumar, A. McVittie, R. Portela, L.C. Rodriguez, P. ten Brink, P. van Beukering (2012). Global estimates of the value of ecosystems and their services in monetary units. Ecosystem services, 1(1), pp. 50-61.)
  88. De Onis and Blossner, 2003 (M. De Onis, M. Blossner (2003). The world health organization global database on child growth and malnutrition: methodology and applications. International Journal Epidemiology, 32(4), pp. 518-526, doi:
  89. De Vos et al., 2021 (Lotte de Vos, Hester Biemans, Jonathan C Doelman, Elke Stehfest and Detlef P van Vuuren (2021). Trade-offs between water needs for food, utilities, and the environment—a nexus quantification at different scales. Environmental Research Letters, 16(11), doi:
  90. De Vries et al., 2001 (H.J.M. de Vries, D.P. van Vuuren, M.G.J. den Elzen, M.A. Janssen (2001). The targets image energy model regional (TIMER) -Technical documentation., MNP Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, Bilthoven, the Netherlands(URL:
  91. De Vries et al., 2007 (B. J. M. de Vries, D. P. van Vuuren, M. M. Hoogwijk (2007). Renewable energy sources: Their global potential for the first-half of the 21st century at a global level: An integrated approach. Energy Policy, 35(4), pp. 2590-2610, doi:
  92. Delgado et al., 1999 (C. Delgado, M. Rosegrant, H. Steinfeld, S. Ehui, VC. Courbois (1999). Livestock to 2020. The next food revolution, International Food Policy Research Institute, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, International Livestock Research Institute, Washington, D.C..)
  93. Dellink et al., 2017 (R. Dellink, J. Chateau, E. Lanzi, B. Magné (2017). Long-term economic growth projections in the Shared Socioeconomic Pathways.. Global Environmental Change, 42, pp. 200-214, doi:
  94. Den Elzen and Höhne, 2010 (M.G.J den Elzen, N. Höhne (2010). Sharing the reduction effort to limit global warming to 2°C. Climate Policy, 10, pp. 247-260.)
  95. Den Elzen and van Vuuren, 2007 (M.G.J. den Elzen, D.P. van Vuuren (2007). Peaking profiles for achieving long-term temperature targets with more likelihood at lower costs. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS), 104(46), pp. 17931-17936, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  96. Den Elzen et al., 2007 (M. den Elzen, M. Meinshausen, D. van Vuuren (2007). Multi-gas emission envelopes to meet greenhouse gas concentration targets: Costs versus certainty of limiting temperature increase. Global Environmental Change, 17(2), pp. 260-280, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  97. Den Elzen et al., 2008 (M. G. J. Den Elzen, P. L. Lucas, D. P. Van Vuuren (2008). Regional abatement action and costs under allocation schemes for emission allowances for achieving low CO2-equivalent concentrations. Climatic Change, 90(3), pp. 243-268, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  98. Den Elzen et al., 2011a (M. G. J. Den Elzen, A. F. Hof, A. Mendoza Beltran, G. Grassi, M. Roelfsema, B. van Ruijven, J. van Vliet, D. P. van Vuuren (2011). The Copenhagen Accord: Abatement costs and carbon prices resulting from the submissions. Environmental Science and Policy, 14(1), pp. 28-39, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  99. Den Elzen et al., 2011b (M. G. J. den Elzen, A. F. Hof, M. Roelfsema (2011). . Global Environmental Change, 21(2), pp. 733-743, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  100. Den Elzen et al., 2012a (M.G.J. den Elzen, A. Hof, A. Mendoza Beltrán, B. Van Ruijven, J. Van Vliet (2012). Implications of long-term global and developed country reduction targets for developing countries. Mitigation and Adaptation of Strategies for Global Change, 18(4), pp. 491-512.)
  101. Den Elzen et al., 2012b (M. G. J. den Elzen, M. Meinshausen, A. F. Hof (2012). . Climatic Change, 114(2), pp. 401-408, doi:
  102. Den Elzen et al., 2012c (M.G.J. den Elzen, M. Roelfsema, A.F. Hof, H. Böttcher, G. Grassi (2012). Analysing the emission gap between pledged emission reductions under the Cancún Agreements and the 2°C climate target, PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, Bilthoven, the Netherlands. Link to PBL-website:
  103. Den Elzen et al., 2013 (M. G. J. Den Elzen, A. F. Hof, M. Roelfsema (2013). Analysing the greenhouse gas emission reductions of the mitigation action plans by non-Annex I countries by 2020. Energy Policy, 56(56), pp. 633-643, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  104. Den Elzen et al., 2015a (den Elzen, M.G.J., Fekete, H., Admiraal, A., Forsell, N., Höhne, N., Korosuo, A., Roelfsema, M., van Soest, H., Wouters, K., Day, T., Hagemann, M., Hof, A.F (2015). Enhanced policy scenarios for major emitting countries. Analysis of current and planned climate policies, and selected enhanced mitigation measure. Link to PBL-website:
  105. Den Elzen et al., 2016 (M. den Elzen, A. Admiraal, M. Roelfsema, H. van Soest, A. F. Hof, N. Forsell (2016). Contribution of the G20 economies to the global impact of the Paris agreement climate proposals. Climatic Change, 137(3-4), pp. 655-665, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  106. Denman et al., 2007 (K.L. Denman, G. Brasseur, A. Chidthaisong, P. Ciais, P.M. Cox, R.E. Dickinson, D. Hauglustaine, C. Heinze, E. Holland, D. Jacob, U. Lohmann, S. Ramachandran, P.L. da Silva Dias, S.C. Wofsy, X. Zhang (2007). Couplings Between Changes in the Climate System and Biogeochemistry.. In: S. SolomonD. QinM. ManningZ. ChenM. MarquisK.B. AverytM. TignorH.L. Miller (eds.), Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA..)
  107. Diaz and Rosenberg, 2008 (R. J. Diaz, R. Rosenberg (2008). Spreading dead zones and consequences for marine ecosystems. Science, 321(5891), pp. 926-929.)
  108. Dixon et al., 2001 (J. Dixon, A. Gulliver, D. Gibbon (2001). Farming systems and poverty, FAO/World bank, Rome/Washington DC.)
  109. Dockery et al., 1993 (D. Dockery, C. A. Pope, X. Xu, J. Spengler, J. Ware, M. Fay, B. Ferris, F. Speizer (1993). An association between air pollution and mortality in six U.S. cities. New England Journal of Medicine, 329, pp. 1753-1759.)
  110. Doelman et al., 2018 (J.C. Doelman, E. Stehfest, A. Tabeau, H. van Meijl, L. Lassaletta, K. Neumann-Hermans, D.E.H.J. Gernaat, M. Harmsen, V. Daioglou, H. Biemans, S. van der Sluis, D.P. van Vuuren (2018). Exploring SSP land-use dynamics using the IMAGE model: Regional and gridded scenarios of land-use change and land-based climate change mitigation. Global Environmental Change, 48(January), pp. 119-135, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  111. Doelman et al., 2019 (Doelman, Jonathan C, Stehfest, Elke, van Vuuren, Detlef P, Tabeau, Andrzej, Hof, Andries F, Braakhekke, Maarten C, Gernaat, David EHJ, van den Berg, Maarten, van Zeist, Willem‐Jan, Daioglou, Vassilis (2019). Afforestation for climate change mitigation: Potentials, risks and trade-offs. Global Change Biology, 26(3), pp. 1576-1591, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  112. Doelman et al., 2020 (Doelman J.C., Stehfest E., van Vuuren D.P., Tabeau A., Hof A.F., Braakhekke M.C., Gernaat D.E.H.J., van den Berg M., van Zeist W.-J., Daioglou V., van Meijl H., Lucas P.L. (2020). Afforestation for climate change mitigation: Potentials, risks and trade-offs. Global Change Biology, 26(3), pp. 1576-1591, doi:
  113. Doelman et al., 2020b (Jonathan C. Doelman, Elke Stehfest, Andrzej Tabeau, Hans van Meijl, Luis Lassaletta, David E.H.J. Gernaat, Kathleen Hermans, Mathijs Harmsen, Vassilis Daioglou, Hester Biemans, Sietske van der Sluis, Detlef P.van Vuuren (2020). Exploring SSP land-use dynamics using the IMAGE model: Regional and gridded scenarios of land-use change and land-based climate change mitigation. Global Environmental Change, 48, pp. 119-135, doi:
  114. Döll and Lehner, 2002 (P. Döll, B. Lehner (2002). Validation of a new global 30-min drainage direction map. Journal of Hydrology, 258(1-4), pp. 214-231, doi:
  115. EC, 2010 (EC (2010). Energy 2020: A strategy for competitive, sustainable and secure energy, Communication from the commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the regions, European Commission, Brussels.)
  116. EC, 2012 (EC (2012). Access date: 2013.URL:
  117. EC-JRC/PBL, 2016 (EC-JRC/PBL (2016). European Commission, Joint Research Centre (EC-JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emissions Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR), release EDGAR v4.3.2 (1970 - 2012) of March 2016,
  118. EFI, 2007 (European forest institute (2007). Long-term European forest resources assessment.EFI.Helsinki, Finland.Access date: 2011-04-15.URL:
  119. ESA, 2017 (European Space Agency (2017). Climate Change Initiative (ESA-CCI) V2.0.7.European Space Agency.URL:
  120. Ebi et al., 2014a (K. Ebi, S. Hallegatte, T. Kram, N. Arnell, T. Carter, J. Edmonds, E. Kriegler, R. Mathur, B. O'Neill, K. Riahi, H. Winkler, D. van Vuuren, T. Zwickel (2014). A new scenario framework for climate change research: background, process, and future directions. Climatic Change, 122(3), pp. 363-372, doi:
  121. Edelenbosch et al., 2017b (O. Y. Edelenbosch, D. L. McCollum, D. P. van Vuuren, C. Bertram, S. Carrara, H. Daly, S. Fujimori, A. Kitous, P. Kyle, E. Ó Broin, P. Karkatsoulis, F. Sano (2016). Decomposing passenger transport futures: Comparing results of global integrated assessment models. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, doi:
  122. Egoh et al., 2008 (B. Egoh, B. Reyers, M. Rouget, D.M. Richardson, D.C. Le Maitre, A.S. van Jaarsveld (2008). Mapping ecosystem services for planning and management. Agriculture, ecosystems & environment, 127(1-2), pp. 135-140, doi:
  123. Egoh et al., 2009 (B. Egoh, B. Reyers, M. Rouget, M. Bode, D.M. Richardson (2009). Spatial congruence between biodiveristy and ecosystem services in South Africa. Biological Conservation, 142(3), pp. 553-562.)
  124. Egoh et al., 2012 (B.N. Egoh, P.J. O'Farrell, A. Charef, L.J. Gurney, T. Koellner, H.N. Abi, M. Egoh, L. Willemen (2012). An african account of ecosystem service provision: Use, threats and policy options for sustainable livelihoods. Ecosystem services, 2, pp. 71-81.)
  125. Eickhout et al., 2007 (B. Eickhout, H. van Meijl, A. Tabeau, T. van Rheenen (2007). Economic and ecological consequences of four European land use scenarios. Land Use Policy, 24(3), pp. 562-575, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  126. Eickhout et al., 2009 (B. Eickhout, H. van Meijl, A. Tabeau, E. Stehfest (2009). The impact of environmental and climate constraints on global food supply. In: T.W. HertelS.K. RoseR.S.J. Tol (eds.), Economic Analysis of Land Use in Global Climate Change Policy. Routledge, New York, pp. 85-106, URL: 10.4324/9780203882962.)
  127. European Commission, 2005 (European Commission, (2005). Winning the battle against global climate change. Communication from the Commission to the Council, the European Parliament, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions, European Commission, Brussels(URL:
  128. European Commission, 2010 (European Commission (2010). Analysis of options to move beyond 20% greenhouse gas emission reductions and assessing the risk of carbon leakage.Brussels.Access date: 2010.URL:
  129. FAO et al., 2009 (FAO, IIASA, ISRIC, ISSCAS, JRC (2009). Harmonized world soil database (version 1.1).FAO / IIASA.Rome, Italy / Laxenburg, Austria.URL:
  130. FAO, 2001a (FAO (2001). Plantations and wood energy; based on the work of Donald J. Mead, FAO, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome.)
  131. FAO, 2001b (FAO (2001). Human energy requirements. Report of a joint FAO/WHO/UNU expert consultation, Food and nutrition technical report series, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome.)
  132. FAO, 2003 (FAO (2003). FAO Methodology for the Measurement of Food Depriviation, FAO Statistics Division, Rome.)
  133. FAO, 2006b (FAO (2006). Global Planted forestst thematic study: results and analysis, by Del Lungo, A., Ball, J. & Carle, J., Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome.)
  134. FAO, 2008 (FAO (2008). Forests and energy; Key issuesS.)
  135. FAO, 2010 (FAO (2010). Global Forest Resources Assessment 2010, FAO, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome(URL:
  136. FAO, 2011a (FAO (2011). The state of the world's land and water resources for food and agriculture (SOLAW) - Managing systems at risk, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations / Earthscan, Rome / London, URL:
  137. FAO, 2012a (FAO (2012). FAOSTAT database collections.Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.URL:
  138. FAO, 2012b (FAO (2012). FRA 2015, Forest Futures Methodology, FAO, Rome(URL:
  139. FAO, 2013a (FAO (2013). FAOSTAT database collections.Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.Rome.Access date: 2013-04-22.URL:
  140. FAO, 2013b (FAO (2013). Hunger portal.Access date: 2013-09-12.URL:
  142. FAO, 2020 (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (2020). Global Forest Resources Assessment 2020 (FRA 2020), Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome(URL:
  143. Fader et al., 2010 (M. Fader, S. Rost, C. Müller, A. Bondeau, D. Gerten (2010). Virtual water content of temperate cereals and maize: Present and potential future patterns. Journal of Hydrology, 384(3-4), pp. 218-231, doi:
  144. Faith et al., 2008 (D.P. Faith, S. Ferrier, K.J. Williams (2008). Getting biodiversity intactness indices right: ensuring that 'biodiversity' reflects 'diversity'. Global Change Biology, 14, pp. 207-217.)
  145. Fekete et al., 2010 (B.M. Fekete, D. Wisser, C. Kroeze, E. Mayorga, L. Bouwman, W.M. Wollheim, C. Vörösmarty (2010). Millennium ecosystem assessment scenario drivers (1970–2050): climate and hydrological alterations. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 24(4), doi:
  146. Fischer et al., 2005 (G. Fischer, M. Shah, F. N. Tubiello, H. van Velhuizen (2005). Socio-economic and climate change impacts on agriculture: an integrated assessment, 1990-2080. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences, 360(1463), pp. 2067-2083, doi:
  147. Foley et al., 2011 (J.A. Foley, N. Ramankutty, K.A. Brauman, E.S. Cassidy, J.S. Gerber, M. Johnston, N.D. Mueller, C. O'Connell, D.K. Ray, P.C. West, C. Balzer, E.M. Bennett, Carpenter S.R., J. Hill, C. Monfreda, S. Polasky, J. Rockström, J. Sheehan, S. Siebert, D. Tilman, D.P.M. Zaks (2011). Solutions for a cultivated planet. Nature, 478, pp. 337-342.)
  148. Forster et al., 2007 (P. Forster, V. Ramaswamy, P. Artaxo, T. Berntsen, R. Betts, D.W. Fahey, J. Haywood, J. Lean, D.C. Lowe, G. Myhre, J. Nganga, R. Prinn, G. Raga, M. Schulz, R. Van Dorland (2007). Changes in atmospheric constituents and in radiative forcing. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. In: Solomon S.D. QinM. R. ManningZ. ChenM. MarquisK.B. AverytM. TignorH.L. Miller (eds.), Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis.. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom / New York, NY, USA., pp. 131-217.)
  149. Frank et al., 2019 (S. Frank, P. Havlík, E. Stehfest, H. van Meijl, P. Witzke, I. Pérez-Domínguez, M. van Dijk, J.C. Doelman, T. Fellmann, J.F.L. Koopman, A. Tabeau, H. Valin (2019). Agricultural non-CO2 emission reduction potential in the context of the 1.5 °C target. Nature Climate Change, 9(1), pp. 66-72, doi:
  150. Friedlingstein et al., 2019 (Pierre Friedlingstein, Matthew W. Jones, Michael O'Sullivan, Robbie M. Andrew, Judith Hauck, Glen P. Peters, Wouter Peters, Julia Pongratz, Stephen Sitch, Corinne Le Quéré, Dorothee C. E. Bakker, Josep G. Canadell, Philippe Ciais, Robert B. Jackson, Peter Anthoni, Leticia Barbero, Ana Bastos, Vladislav Bastrikov, Meike Becker, Laurent Bopp, Erik Buitenhuis, Naveen Chandra, Frédéric Chevallier, Louise P. Chini, Kim I. Currie, Richard A. Feely, Marion Gehlen, Dennis Gilfillan, Thanos Gkritzalis, Daniel S. Goll, Nicolas Gruber, Sören Gutekunst, Ian Harris, Vanessa Haverd, Richard A. Houghton, George Hurtt, Tatiana Ilyina, Atul K. Jain, Emilie Joetzjer, Jed O. Kaplan, Etsushi Kato, Kees Klein Goldewijk, Jan Ivar Korsbakken, Peter Landschützer, Siv K. Lauvset, Nathalie Lefèvre, Andrew Lenton, Sebastian Lienert, Danica Lombardozzi, Gregg Marland, Patrick C. McGuire, Joe R. Melton, Nicolas Metzl, David R. Munro, Julia E. M. S. Nabel, Shin-Ichiro Nakaoka, Craig Neill, Abdirahman M. Omar, Tsuneo Ono, Anna Peregon, Denis Pierrot, Benjamin Poulter, Gregor Rehder, Laure Resplandy, Eddy Robertson, Christian Rödenbeck, Roland Séférian, Jörg Schwinger, Naomi Smith, Pieter P. Tans, Hanqin Tian, Bronte Tilbrook, Francesco N. Tubiello, Guido R. van der Werf, Andrew J. Wiltshire, and Sönke Zaehle (2019). Global Carbon Budget 2019. Earth System Science Data, 11, pp. 1783–1838, doi:
  151. GEA, 2012 (Writing Team GEA (2012). Global Energy Assessment; Toward a Sustainable Future, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.)
  152. Gallai et al., 2009 (N. Gallai, J-M. Salles, J. Settele, B.E. Vaissière (2009). Economic valuation of the vulnerability of world agriculture confronted with pollinator decline. Ecological Economics, 68(3), pp. 810-821.)
  153. Galloway et al., 2004 (J.N. Galloway, F.J. Dentener, D.G. Capone, E.W. Boyer, R.W. Howarth, S.P. Seitzinger, G.P. Asner, C.C. Cleveland, P.A. Green, E.A. Holland, D.M. Karl, A.F. Michaels, J.H. Porter, A.R. Townsend, C.J. Vörösmarty (2004). Nitrogen cycles: Past, present, and future. Biogeochemistry, 70, pp. 153-226.)
  154. Garcia-Nieto et al., 2013 (A.P. Garcia-Nieto, M. Garcia-Llorente, I. Iniesta-Arandia, B. Martin-Lopez (2013). Mapping forest ecosystem services: From providing units to beneficiaries. Ecosystem services, 4, pp. 126-138.)
  155. Gernaat et al., 2014 (D. E. H. J. Gernaat, D. P. Van Vuuren, J. Van Vliet, P. Sullivan, D. J. Arent (2014). Global long-term cost dynamics of offshore wind electricity generation. Energy, 76, pp. 663-672, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  156. Gerten et al., 2004 (D. Gerten, S. Schaphoff, U. Haberlandt, W. Lucht, S. Sitch (2004). Terrestrial vegetation and water balance - hydrological evaluation of a dynamic global vegetation model. Journal of Hydrology, 286(1-4), pp. 249-270, doi:
  157. Gerten et al., 2013 (D. Gerten, W. Lucht, S. Ostberg, J. Heinke, M. Kowarsch, H. Kreft, Z.W. Kundzewicz, J. Rastgooy, R. Warren, H.J. Schellnhuber (2013). Asynchronous exposure to global warming: freshwater resources and terrestrial ecosystems.. Environmental Research Letters, 8(3).)
  158. Girod et al., 2012 (B. Girod, D. P. van Vuuren, S. Deetman (2012). . Energy Policy, 45, pp. 152-166, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  159. Godfray et al., 2010 (H. C. J. Godfray, J. R. Beddington, I. R. Crute, L. Haddad, D. Lawrence, J. F. Muir, J. Pretty, S. Robinson, S. M. Thomas, C. Toulmin (2010). Food security: The challenge of feeding 9 billion people. Science, 327(5967), pp. 812-818.)
  160. Goldewijk et al., 2017 (K.K. Goldewijk, A. Beusen, J. Doelman, E. Stehfest (2017). Anthropogenic land use estimates for the Holocene - HYDE 3.2. Earth System Science Data, 9(2), pp. 927-953, doi:
  161. Granier, 2011 (C. Granier (2011). Evolution of anthropogenic and biomass burning emissions of air pollutants at global and regional scales during the 1980-2010 period. Climatic Change, 109(1-2), pp. 163-190, doi:
  162. Grubler et al., 1999 (A. Grubler, N. Nakicenovic, D. G. Victor (1999). Modeling technological change: Implications for the global environment. Annual Review of Energy and the Environment, 24, pp. 545-569.)
  163. Haddeland et al., 2011 (I. Haddeland, D. B. Clark, W. Franssen, F. Ludwig, F. Voß, N. W. Arnell, N. Bertrand, M. Best, S. Folwell, D. Gerten, S. Gomes, S. N. Gosling, S. Hagemann, N. Hanasaki, R. Harding, J. Heinke, P. Kabat, S. Koirala, T. Oki, J. Polcher, T. Stacke, P. Viterbo, G. P. Weedon, P. Yeh (2011). Multimodel estimate of the global terrestrial water balance: Setup and first results. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 12(5), pp. 869-884.)
  164. Haines-Young and Potschin, 2013 (R. Haines-Young, M. Potschin (2013). Common International Classification of Ecosystems Services (CICES): Consultation on Version 4, EEA.)
  165. Hansen et al., 2013 (M.C. Hansen, P.V. Potapov, R. Moore, M. Hancher, S.A. Turubanova, A. Tyukavina, D. Thau, S.V. Stehman, S.J. Goetz, T.R. Loveland, A. Kommareddy, A. Egorov, L. P. Chini, C.O. Justice, J. R.G. Townshend (2013). High-Resolution Global Maps of 21st-Century Forest Cover Change. Science, 342(6160), pp. 850-853.)
  166. Harmsen et al., 2016 (M. J. H. M. Harmsen, M. van den Berg, V. Krey, G. Luderer, A. Marcucci, J. Strefler, D. P. V. Vuuren (2016). How climate metrics affect global mitigation strategies and costs: a multi-model study. Climatic Change, 136(2), pp. 203-216, doi:
  167. Harmsen et al., 2019a (Mathijs Harmsen, Detlef P. van Vuuren, Benjamin Leon Bodirsky, Jean Chateau, Olivier Durand-Lasserve, Laurent Drouet, Oliver Fricko, Shinichiro Fujimori, David E.H.J. Gernaat, Tatsuya Hanaoka, Jérôme Hilaire, Kimon Keramidas, Gunnar Luderer, Maria Cecilia P. Moura, Fuminori Sano, Steven J. Smith, Kenichi Wada (2019). The role of methane in future climate strategies: Mitigation potentials and climate impacts. Climatic Change (in press).)
  168. Harmsen et al., 2019b (Mathijs Harmsen, Oliver Fricko, Jérôme Hilaire, Detlef P. van Vuuren, Laurent Drouet, Olivier Durand-Lasserve, Shinichiro Fujimori, Kimon Keramidas, Zbigniew Klimont, Gunnar Luderer, Lara Aleluia Reis, Keywan Riahi, Fuminori Sano, Steven J. Smith (2019). Taking some heat off the NDCs? The limited potential of additional short-lived climate forcers’ mitigation. Climatic Change (under review).)
  169. Harmsen et al., 2019c (Mathijs J.H.M. Harmsen, Detlef P. van Vuuren, Dali R. Nayak, Andries F. Hof, Lena Höglund-Isaksson, Paul L. Lucas, Jens B. Nielsen, Pete Smith, Elke Stehfest (2019). Long-term marginal abatement cost curves of non-CO2 greenhouse gases. Environmental Science and Policy (under review).)
  170. Harnisch et al., 2009 (J. Harnisch, S. Klaus, S. Wartmann, J.M. Rhiemeier (2009). Development of F-gas module for TIMER model, ECOFYS, Nuremberg.)
  171. Harper, 1992 (D. Harper (1992). Eutrophication of freshwaters; principles, problems and restoration, Chapman & Hall, Londen, 1.0.)
  172. Harris et al., 2013 (I. Harris, P.D. Jones, T.J. Osborn, D.H. Lister (2013). Updated high-resolution grids of monthly climatic observations - the CRU TS3.10 dataset.. International Journal of Climatology, 34(3), pp. 623-642.)
  173. Hartmann et al., 2010 (H. Hartmann, G. Daoust, B. Bigué, C. Messier (2010). Negative or positive effects of plantation and intensive forestry on biodiversity: a matter of scale. Forestry Chronicle, 86(3), pp. 354-364, doi:
  174. Hawkins and Cornell, 1994 (B.A. Hawkins, H.V. Cornell (1994). Maximum Parasitism Rates and Successful Biological control. Science, 266(5192), pp. 1886.)
  175. Helming et al., 2010 (J Helming, S Jansen, H van Meijl, A Tabeau (2010). European farming and post-2013 CAP measures, LEI Wageningen UR, Wageningen.)
  176. Hendriks et al., 2002 (C. Hendriks, M. Harmelink, Y. Hofmans, Jager (2002). Climate neutral energy carriers in the regulatory energy tax, Ecofys, Utrecht.)
  177. Hendriks et al., 2004a (C. Hendriks, M Harmelink, K. Burges, K. Ransel (2004). Power and heat productions: plant developments and grid losses, Ecofys, Utrecht.)
  178. Hendriks et al., 2004b (C. Hendriks, W. Graus, F. van Bergen (2004). Global carbon dioxide storage potential and costs, Ecofys, Utrecht.)
  179. Hertel, 1997 (T.W. Hertel (1997). Global trade analysis: modeling and applications, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom.)
  180. Hertel, 2011 (T.W. Hertel (2011). The global supply and demand for agricultural land in 2050: A perfect storm in the making?. American Journal of Applied Economics, 93, pp. 259-275.)
  181. Heyder et al., 2011 (U. Heyder, S. Schaphoff, D. Gerten, W. Lucht (2011). Risk of severe climate change impact on the terrestrial biosphere. Environmental Research Letters, 6(3), doi:
  182. Hilderink and Lucas, 2008 (H.B.M. Hilderink, P.L. Lucas (2008). Towards a global integrated sustainability model: GISMO 1.0 status report, PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, The Hague.
    Link to PBL-website:
  183. Hilderink, 2000 (H.B.M. Hilderink (2000). World population in transition: an integrated regional modelling framework, Thela Thesis / Rozenberg, Amsterdam, 2.)
  184. Hinkel and Klein, 2009 (J. Hinkel, R. J. T. Klein (2009). Integrating knowledge to assess coastal vulnerability to sea-level rise: The development of the DIVA tool. Global Environmental Change, 19(3), pp. 384-395.)
  185. Hoesly et al., 2018 (Rachel M. Hoesly, Steven J. Smith, Leyang Feng, Zbigniew Klimont, Greet Janssens-Maenhout, Tyler Pitkanen, Jonathan J. Seibert, Linh Vu, Robert J. Andres, Ryan M. Bolt, Tami C. Bond, Laura Dawidowski, Nazar Kholod, June-ichi Kurokawa, Meng Li, Liang Liu, Zifeng Lu, Maria Cecilia P. Moura, Patrick R. Rourke, Qiang Zhang (2018). Historical (1750–2014) anthropogenic emissions of reactive gases and aerosols from the Community Emissions Data System (CEDS). Geoscientific Model Development, 11(1), pp. 369-408, doi:
  186. Hof et al., 2008 (A. F. Hof, M. G. J. den Elzen, D. P. van Vuuren (2008). Analysing the costs and benefits of climate policy: Value judgements and scientific uncertainties. Global Environmental Change, 18(3), pp. 412-424, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  187. Hof et al., 2009 (A. F. Hof, K. C. de Bruin, R. B. Dellink, M. G. J. den Elzen, D. P. van Vuuren (2009). The effect of different mitigation strategies on international financing of adaptation. Environmental Science and Policy, 12(7), pp. 832-843, doi:
  188. Hof et al., 2010 (A. F. Hof, M. G. J. den Elzen, D. P. van Vuuren (2010). Including adaptation costs and climate change damages in evaluating post-2012 burden-sharing regimes. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 15(1), pp. 19-40, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  189. Hof et al., 2011 (A. F. Hof, M. G. J. den Elzen, A. Mendoza Beltran (2011). Predictability, equitability and adequacy of post-2012 international climate financing proposals. Environmental Science and Policy, 14(6), pp. 615-627, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  190. Hof et al., 2012 (A.F. Hof, C. Brink, A. Mendoza Beltrán, M.G.J. den Elzen (2012). Greenhouse gas emission reduction targets for 2030: Conditions for a EU target of 40%, PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, Bilthoven, the Netherlands(URL:
  191. Hof et al., 2013 (A. F. Hof, M. G. J. den Elzen, M. Roelfsema (2013). The effect of updated pledges and business-as-usual projections, and new agreed rules on expected global greenhouse gas emissions in 2020. Environmental Science and Policy, 33, pp. 308-319, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  192. Hof et al., 2016 (A. F. Hof, M. G. J. den Elzen, A. Mendoza Beltran (2016). The EU 40% greenhouse gas emission reduction target by 2030 in perspective. International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, 16(3), pp. 375-392, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  193. Hof et al., 2017 (A.F. Hof, M.G.J. den Elzen, A. Admiraal, M. Roelfsema, D.E.H.J. Gernaat, D.P. van Vuuren (2017). Global and regional abatement costs of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) and of enhanced action to levels well below 2 °C and 1.5 °C. Environmental Science and Policy, 71, pp. 30-40, doi:
  194. Hoogwijk et al., 2007 (M. Hoogwijk, D. van Vuuren, B. de Vries, W. Turkenburg (2007). Exploring the impact on cost and electricity production of high penetration levels of intermittent electricity in OECD Europe and the USA, results for wind energy. Energy, 32(8), pp. 1381-1402, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  195. Hoogwijk, 2004 (M. Hoogwijk (2004). On the global and regional potential of renewable energy sources.Science, Technology and Society.Ph.D. thesis.Utrecht University.Utrecht, The Netherlands.URL:
  196. Hootsmans et al., 2001 (R.M. Hootsmans, A.F. Bouwman, R. Leemans, G.J.J. Kreileman (2001). Modelling land degradation in IMAGE 2, National Institute of Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, the Netherlands(URL:
  197. Hordijk et al., 2014 (Hordijk L., Arnell N., Gerten D., van Ittersum M., Klaassen G., Riahi K., Scharlemann J., Janssen P. (2014). International review of IMAGE 3.0, Report of the 2014 IMAGE Advisory Board, PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, The Hague. Link to PBL-website:
  198. Huang et al., 2004 (H. Huang, F. van Tongeren, F. Dewbre, H. van Meijl (2004). A new representation of agricultural production technology in GTAP.Paper presented at the Seventh Annual Conference on Global Economic Analysis.Washington, USA..)
  199. Hurtt et al., 2011 (G. C. Hurtt, L. P. Chini, S. Frolking, R. A. Betts, J. Feddema, G. Fischer, J. P. Fisk, K. Hibbard, R. A. Houghton, A. Janetos, C. D. Jones, G. Kindermann, T. Kinoshita, K. Klein Goldewijk, K. Riahi, E. Shevliakova, S. Smith, E. Stehfest, A. Thomson, P. Thornton, D. P. van Vuuren, Y. P. Wang (2011). Harmonization of land-use scenarios for the period 1500-2100: 600 years of global gridded annual land-use transitions, wood harvest, and resulting secondary lands. Climatic Change, 109(1), pp. 117-161, doi:
  200. Hurtt et al., 2020 (George C. Hurtt, Louise Chini, Ritvik Sahajpal, Steve Frolking, Benjamin L. Bodirsky, Katherine Calvin, Jonathan C. Doelman, Justin Fisk, Shinichiro Fujimori, Kees Klein Goldewijk, Tomoko Hasegawa, Peter Havlik, Andreas Heinimann, Florian Humpenöder, Johan Jungclaus, Jed O. Kaplan, Jennifer Kennedy, Tamás Krisztin, David Lawrence, Peter Lawrence, Lei Ma, Ole Mertz, Julia Pongratz, Alexander Popp, Benjamin Poulter, Keywan Riahi, Elena Shevliakova, Elke Stehfest, Peter Thornton, Francesco N. Tubiello, Detlef P. van Vuuren, and Xin Zhang (2020). Harmonization of global land use change and management for the period 850–2100 (LUH2) for CMIP6. Geoscientific Model Development, 12, pp. 5425–5464, doi:
  201. Hutton and Haller, 2004 (G. Hutton, L. Haller (2004). Evaluation of the costs and benefits of water and sanitation improvements at the global level, Water, Sanitation and Health Protection of the Human Environment, World Health Organization (WHO), Geneva.)
  202. Hutton et al., 2006 (G. Hutton, E. Rehfuess, F. Tediosi, S. Weiss (2006). Evaluation of the costs and benefits of household energy and health interventions at global and regional levels, World Health Organisation (WHO), Geneva.)
  203. Höhne et al., 2012 (N. Höhne, N. Braun, H. Fekete, R. Brandsma, J. Larkin, M.G.J. den Elzen, M. Roelfsema, A.F. Hof, H. Böttcher (2012). Greenhouse gas emission reduction proposals and national climate policies of major economies, PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, Bilthoven, the Netherlands.)
  204. IEA, 2012 (IEA (2012). Global Wood Pellet Industry Market and Trade Study, International Energy Agency (IEA)IEA Task 40, Paris(URL:
  205. IIASA and FAO, 2012 (FAO IIASA (2012). Global Agro-ecological Zones (GAEZ v3.0).IIASA and FAO.URL:
  206. IIASA, 2013 (IIASA (2013). SSP Database.IIASA.Access date: December 2013.URL:
  207. IMAGE-team, 2001 (IMAGE-team (2001). The IMAGE 2.2 implementation of the SRES scenarios. A comprehensive analysis of emissions, climate change and impacts in the 21st century, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, the Netherlands(URL:
  208. IPCC, 2000 (IPCC (2000). Special report on emissions scenarios, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.)
  209. IPCC, 2005 (IPCC (2005). Special report on CO2 capture and storage, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.)
  210. IPCC, 2006 (IPCC (2006). IPCC Guidelines for national greenhouse gas inventories, Prepared by the National Greenhouse Gas Inventories Programme, IGES, Japan.)
  211. IPCC, 2007a (IPCC (2007). Climate Change 2007 - The physical science basis: contribution of working group I to the fourth assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom / New York, NY, USA.)
  212. IPCC, 2012 (IPCC (2012). Managing the risks of extreme events and disasters to advance climate change adaptation. A special report of working groups I and II of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, C.B.FieldV. BarrosT.F. StockerD. QinD.J. DokkenK.L. EbiM.D. MastrandreaK.J. MachG.-K. PlattnerS.K. AllenM. TignorP.M. Midgley (eds.), Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK / New York, NY, USA.)
  213. IPCC, 2013 (IPCC (2013). Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, T.F. StockerD. QinG.-K. PlattnerM. TignorS.K. AllenJ. BoschungA. NauelsY. XiaV. BexP.M. Midgley (eds.), Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York.)
  214. IPCC, 2019 (P.R. Shukla, J. Skea, E. Calvo Buendia, V. Masson-Delmotte, H.- O. Pörtner, D. C. Roberts,

    P. Zhai, R. Slade, S. Connors, R. van Diemen, M. Ferrat, E. Haughey, S. Luz, S. Neogi, M. Pathak, J. Petzold, J. Portugal Pereira, P. Vyas, E. Huntley, K. Kissick, M. Belkacemi, J. Malley, (eds.) (2019).

    Summary for Policymakers. In: Climate Change and Land: an IPCC special report on climate change, desertification, land degradation, sustainable land management, food security, and greenhouse gas fluxes in terrestrial ecosystems, IPCC(URL:
  215. IPCC-DDC, 2007 (IPCC-DDC (2007). AR4 GCM data: SRES scenarios.IPCC Data Distribution Centre (DDC).URL:
  216. IRENA, 2016 (IRENA (2016). REsource.International Renewable Energy Agency.URL:
  217. IUCN, 2015 (International Union for Conservation of Nature (2015). Annual Report 2015, International Union for Conservation of Nature, IUCN(URL:
  218. Isaac and van Vuuren, 2009 (M. Isaac, D. van Vuuren (2009). Modeling global residential sector energy demand for heating and air conditioning in the context of climate change. Energy Policy, 37, pp. 507-521.
    Link to PBL-website:
  219. JRC/PBL, 2012 (JRC/PBL (2012). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR), release version 4.0.European Commission Joint Research Centre (JRC) / PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency.Access date: 2009-07-01.URL:
  220. Janse et al., submitted (J.H. Janse, J.J. Kuiper, M.J. Weijters, E.P. Westerbeek, M.H.J.L. Jeuken, R. Alkemade, J. T. A. Verhoeven (2013). GLOBIO-aquatic, a global model of human impact on the biodiversity of inland aquatic ecosystems. Submitted, available on request.)
  221. Jeppesen et al., 2009 (E. Jeppesen, B. Kronvang, M. Meerhoff, M. Søndergaard, K.M. Hansen, H.E. Andersen, T.L. Lauridsen, M. Beklioglu, A. Ozen, J.E. Olesen (2009). Climate change effects on runoff, catchment phosphorus loading and lake ecological state, and potential adaptations.. Journal of Environmental Quality, 38, pp. 1930-1941.)
  222. Jewell et al., 2016 (Jessica Jewell, Vadim Vinichenko, David McCollum, Nico Bauer, Keywan Riahi, Tino Aboumahboub, Oliver Fricko, Mathijs Harmsen, Tom Kober, Volker Krey, Giacomo Marangoni, Massimo Tavoni, Detlef P. van Vuuren, Bob van der Zwaan & Aleh Cherp (2016). Comparison and interactions between the long-term pursuit of energy independence and climate policies. Nature Energy, 1, doi:
  223. Jägermeyr et al., 2015 (J. Jägermeyr, D. Gerten, J. Heinke, S. Schaphoff, M. Kummu, and W. Lucht (2015). Water savings potentials of irrigation systems: global simulation of processes and linkages. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 19, pp. 3073–3091, doi:
  224. KC and Lutz, forthcoming (Samir KC, W. Lutz (2014). The human core of the shared socioeconomic pathways: Population scenarios by age, sex and level of education for all countries to 2100. Global Environmental Change, doi:
  225. Kallio et al., 2004 (A.M.I. Kallio, A. Moiseyev, B. Solberg (2004). The Global Forest Sector Model EFI-GTM - the model structure, EFI.)
  226. Kleijn and Langevelde, 2006 (D. Kleijn, F. Langevelde (2006). Interacting effects of landscape context and habitat quality on flower visiting insects in agricultural landscapes. Basic and applied ecology, 7(3), pp. 201-214.)
  227. Klein Goldewijk and Verburg, 2013 (K. Klein Goldewijk, P. H. Verburg (2013). Uncertainties in global-scale reconstructions of historical land use: An illustration using the HYDE data set. Landscape Ecology, 28(5), pp. 861-877, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  228. Klein Goldewijk et al., 1994 (K. K. Goldewijk, J. G. Van Minnen, G. J. J. Kreileman, M. Vloedbeld, R. Leemans (1994). Simulating the carbon flux between the terrestrial environment and the atmosphere. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 76(1-2), pp. 199-230, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  229. Klein Goldewijk et al., 2010 (K. Klein Goldewijk, A. Beusen, P. Janssen (2010). Long-term dynamic modeling of global population and built-up area in a spatially explicit way: HYDE 3.1. Holocene, 20(4), pp. 565-573, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  230. Klein Goldewijk et al., 2011 (K. Klein Goldewijk, A. Beusen, G. Van Drecht, M. De Vos (2011). The HYDE 3.1 spatially explicit database of human-induced global land-use change over the past 12,000 years. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 20(1), pp. 73-86, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  231. Klein et al., 2011 ((2011). Importance of pollinators in chaninging landscapes for world crops. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 274, pp. 303-313.)
  232. Kok et al., 2009 (Kok M., Jager J., Karlsson S.I., Ludeke M.B., Mohammed-Katerere J., Thomalla F. (2009). Report on Chapter 7 of GEO-4 Vulnerability of people and the environment - challenges and opportunities. Background Report on Chapter 7 of GEO-4, PBL. Link to PBL-website:
  233. Kourzeneva, 2010 (E. Kourzeneva (2010). External data for lake parameterization in Numerical Weather Prediction and climate modeling.. Boreal Environment Research, 15, pp. 165-177.)
  234. Kram et al., 2012 (T Kram, K. Neumann, M. van den Berg, J. Bakkes (2012). Global integrated assessment to support EU future environment policies, PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, The Hague.)
  235. Kreileman and Bouwman, 1994 (G. J. J. Kreileman, A. F. Bouwman (1994). Computing land use emissions of greenhouse gases. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 76(1-2), pp. 231-258, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  236. Kruyt et al., 2009 (B. Kruyt, D. P. van Vuuren, H. J. M. de Vries, H. Groenenberg (2009). Indicators for energy security. Energy Policy, 37(6), pp. 2166-2181, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  237. Kuiper et al., 2014 (J.J. Kuiper, J.H. Janse, S. Teurlincx, J. T. A. Verhoeven, R. Alkemade (2014). The impact of river regulation on the biodiversity intactness of floodplain wetlands. Wetlands Ecology and Management, 22, pp. 647-658, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  238. Kuramochi et al., 2016 (Kuramochi, T., Höhne, N., Sterl, S., Gonzales-Zuñiga, S., Hans, F., Hagemann, M., Hernandez Legaria, E., den Elzen, M.G.J., Roelfsema, M., van Soest, H., Forsell, N., Turkovska, O. (2016). Greenhouse gas mitigation scenarios for major emitting countries: Analysis of current and planned climate policies, and mitigation pledges. Link to PBL-website:
  239. Köberle et al., 2015 (Alexandre C. Köberle, David E.H.J. Gernaat, Detlef P. van Vuuren (2015). Assessing current and future techno-economic potential of concentrated solar power and photovoltaic electricity generation. Energy, 89, pp. 739-756, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  240. Ladson and White, 1999 (A.R. Ladson, L.J. White (1999). An index of stream condition: reference manual, Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Sciences, Melbourne, Australia.)
  241. Lamarque et al., 2010 (J. F. Lamarque, T. C. Bond, V. Eyring, C. Granier, A. Heil, Z. Klimont, D. Lee, C. Liousse, A. Mieville, B. Owen, M. G. Schultz, D. Shindell, S. J. Smith, E. Stehfest, J. Van Aardenne, O. R. Cooper, M. Kainuma, N. Mahowald, J. R. McConnell, V. Naik, K. Riahi, D. P. Van Vuuren (2010). Historical (1850-2000) gridded anthropogenic and biomass burning emissions of reactive gases and aerosols: Methodology and application. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 10(15), pp. 7017-7039, doi:
  242. Lambin et al., 2000 (E.F. Lambin, M.D.A. Rounsevell, H.J. Geist (2000). Are agricultural land-use models able to predict changes in land-use intensity?. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 82(1-3), pp. 321-331.)
  243. Lambin et al., 2001 (Eric F Lambin, Bi L Turner, Helmut J Geist, Samuel B Agbola, Arild Angelsen, John W Bruce, Oliver T Coomes, Rodolfo Dirzo, Günther Fischer, Carl Folke (2001). The causes of land-use and land-cover change: moving beyond the myths. Global Environmental Change, 11(4), pp. 261-269.)
  244. Lapola et al., 2009 (D. M. Lapola, J.A. Priess, A. Bondeau (2009). Modeling the land requirements and potential productivity of sugarcane and jatropha in Brazil and India using the LPJmL dynamic global vegetation model. Biomass and Bioenergy, 33(8), pp. 1087-1095.)
  245. Lassaletta et al., 2019 (L. Lassaletta, F.Estellés, A.H.W. Beusen, L. Bouwman, S. Calvet, H.J.M. van Grinsven, J.C. Doelman, E. Stehfest, A. Uwizeye, H. Westhoek (2019). Future global pig production systems according to the Shared Socioeconomic Pathways. Science of the Total Environment, 665, pp. 739-751, doi:
  246. Lauk et al., 2012 (C. Lauk, H. Haberl, K. Erb, S. Gingrich, F. Krausmann (2012). Global socioeconomic carbon stocks in long-lived products 1900-2008. Environmental Research Letters, 7(3), doi:
  247. Lehner and Döll, 2004 (B Lehner, P Döll (2004). Development and validation of a global database of lakes, reservoirs and wetlands. Journal of Hydrology, 296(1-4), pp. 1-22, doi:
  248. Lehner et al., 2011 (B. Lehner, C.R. Liermann, C. Revenga, C. Vörösmarty, B. Fekete, P. Crouzet, P. Döll, M. Endejan, K. Frenken, J. Magome, C. Nilsson, J.C. Robertson, R. Rödel, N. Sindorf, D. Wisser (2011). High-resolution mapping of the world's reservoirs and dams for sustainable river-flow management. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 9.)
  249. Letourneau et al., 2012 (A. Letourneau, P. H. Verburg, E. Stehfest (2012). A land-use systems approach to represent land-use dynamics at continental and global scales. Environmental Modelling and Software, 33, pp. 61-79, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  250. Leverington et al., 2010 (F. Leverington, K. Lemos Costa, J. Courrau, H. Pavese, C. Nolte, M. Marr, L. Coad, N. Burgess, Bomhard B., M. Hockings (2010). Management effectiveness evaluation in protected areas - a global study, The University of Queensland, The Nature Conservancy/WWF/University of Queensland/IUCN/WCPA/Biodiversity Indicators Partnership, Brisbane, Australia.)
  251. Loveland et al., 2000 (T.R. Loveland, B.C. Reed, J.F. Brown, D.O. Ohlen, Z. Zhu, L. Yang, J.W. Merchant (2000). Development of a global land cover characteristics database and IGBP DISCover from 1 km AVHRR data. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 21, pp. 1303-1330.)
  252. Lucas et al., 2007 (P. L. Lucas, D. P. van Vuuren, J. G. J. Olivier, M. G. J. den Elzen (2007). Long-term reduction potential of non-CO2 greenhouse gases. Environmental Science and Policy, 10(2), pp. 85-103, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  253. Luderer et al., 2017 (G. Luderer, R.C. Pietzcker, S. Carrara, H.S. de Boer, S. Fujimori, N. Johnson, S. Mima, D. Arent (2017). Assessment of wind and solar power in global low-carbon energy scenarios: An introduction. Energy Economics, 64(May 2017), pp. 542-551, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  254. Lutz and KC, 2010 (Wolfgang Lutz, Samir KC (2010). Dimensions of global population projections: what do we know about future population trends and structures?. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 365(1554), pp. 2779-2791.)
  255. Lutz et al., 2007 (W. Lutz, A. Goujon, K.C. Samir, W. Sanderson (2007). Reconstruction of population by age, sex and level of educational attainment of 120 countries for 1970-2000, Vienna Yearbook of Population Research. Austrian Academy of Sciences Press, Vienna, 2007, pp. 193-235.)
  256. MA, 2005 (MA (2005). Ecosystems and human well-being: Scenarios, Carpenter, S.R.Pingali, P.Bennet, E.M.Zurek, M.B. (eds.), Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, Island Press, Washington D.C., 2.)
  257. MIT, 2003 (MIT (2003). The future of nuclear power - an interdisciplinary MIT study, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, USA.)
  258. MNP, 2006 (MNP (2006). Integrated modelling of global environmental change : an overview of IMAGE 2.4, A. F. BouwmanT. KramK. Klein Goldewijk (eds.), Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (MNP), Bilthoven, The Netherlands. Link to PBL-website:
  259. Maes et al., 2012 (J. Maes, M.L. Paracchini, G. Zulian, M.B. Dunbar, R. Alkemade (2012). Synergies and trade-offs between ecosystem service supply, biodiversity, and habitat conservation status in Europe. Biological Conservation, 155, pp. 1-12.)
  260. Mandryk et al., 2015 (M. Mandryk, J.C. Doelman, E. Stehfest (2015). Assessment of global land availability..FOODSECURE Technical paper no. 7.URL:
    Link to PBL-website:
  261. Mathers and Loncar, 2006 (C.D. Mathers, D. Loncar (2006). Projections of global mortality and burden of disease from 2002 to 2030. Plos Medicine, 3(11), doi:
  262. Meehl et al., 2007 (G.A. Meehl, T.F. Stocker, W.D. Collins, P. Friedlingstein, A.T. Gaye, J.M. Gregory, A. Kitoh, R. Knutti, J.M. Murphy, A. Noda, S.C.B. Raper, I.G. Watterson, A.J. Weaver, Z.-C. Zhao (2007). Global Climate Projections. In: S. SolomonD. QinM. ManningZ. ChenM. MarquisK.B. AverytM. TignorH.L. Miller (eds.), Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA.)
  263. Meijer and Klein Goldewijk, 2009 (J. Meijer, K. Klein Goldewijk (2009). Global Roads Inventory Project (GRIP).PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency.The Hague.URL:
  264. Meinshausen et al., 2011a (M. Meinshausen, S. C. B. Raper, T. M. L. Wigley (2011). Emulating coupled atmosphere-ocean and carbon cycle models with a simpler model, MAGICC6 - Part 1: Model description and calibration. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11(4), pp. 1417-1456.)
  265. Meinshausen et al., 2011b (M. Meinshausen, T. M. L. Wigley, S. C. B. Raper (2011). Emulating atmosphere-ocean and carbon cycle models with a simpler model, MAGICC6 - Part 2: Applications. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11(4), pp. 1457-1471.)
  266. Mendoza Beltrán et al., 2011 (A. Mendoza Beltrán, M. G. J. den Elzen, A. F. Hof, D. P. van Vuuren, J. van Vliet (2011). Exploring the bargaining space within international climate negotiations based on political, economic and environmental considerations. Energy Policy, 39(11), pp. 7361-7371, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  267. Molden, 2007 (D. Molden (2007). Water for food, water for life: A comprehensive assessment of water management in agriculture, Earthscan / International Water Management Institute, London / Colombo.)
  268. Moody and Woodcock, 1996 (A. Moody, C.E. Woodcock (1996). Calibration-based models for correction of area estimates derived from coarse resolution land-cover data. Remote Sensing of Environment, 58, pp. 225-241.)
  269. Mooij et al., 2005 (W.M. Mooij, S. Hülsmann, L.N. De Senerpont Domis, B.A. Nolet, P.L.E. Bodelier, P.C.M. Boers, L.M.D. Pires, H.J. Gons, B.W. Ibelings, R. Noordhuis (2005). The impact of climate change on lakes in the Netherlands: a review.. Aquatic Ecology, 39, pp. 381-400.)
  270. Morandin et al., 2007 (L.A. Morandin, M.L. Winston, V.A. Abbott, M.T. Franklin (2007). Can pastureland increase wild bee abundance in agriculturally intense areas?. Basic and applied ecology, 8, pp. 117-124.)
  271. Morée et al., 2013 (Morée A.L., Beusen A.H.W., Bouwman A.F., Willems W.J. (2013). Exploring global nitrogen and phosphorus flows in urban wastes during the twentieth century. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 27, pp. 836-846, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  272. Moser et al., 1998 (M. Moser, C. Prentice, S. Frazier (1998). A global overview of wetland loss and degradation.Wetlands International.Ede.URL:
  273. Moss et al., 2010 (R. H. Moss, J. A. Edmonds, K. A. Hibbard, M. R. Manning, S. K. Rose, D. P. Van Vuuren, T. R. Carter, S. Emori, M. Kainuma, T. Kram, G. A. Meehl, J. F. B. Mitchell, N. Nakicenovic, K. Riahi, S. J. Smith, R. J. Stouffer, A. M. Thomson, J. P. Weyant, T. J. Wilbanks (2010). The next generation of scenarios for climate change research and assessment. Nature, 463(7282), pp. 747-756, doi:
  274. Mulders et al., 2006 (F.M.M. Mulders, J.M.M. Hettelar, F. Van Bergen (2006). Assessment of the global fossil fuel reserves and resources for TIMER, TNO Built Environment and Geosciences, Utrecht, The Netherlands.)
  275. Musters et al., submitted (C.J.M. Musters, R.J.T. Verweij, M. Bakkenes, D.P. Faith, S. Ferrier, R. Alkemade (in preparation). Present and future species survival: a new method for local, regional, and global estimations. in preparation; available on request.)
  276. Myhre et al., 2013 (G. Myhre, D. Shindell, F.-M. Breon, W. Collins, J. Fuglestvedt, J. Huang, D. Koch, J.-F. Lamarque, D. Lee, B. Mendoza, A. Robock T. Nakajima, G. Stephens, T. Takemura and H. Zhang (2013). Anthropogenic and Natural Radiative Forcing.. In: T.F. StockerD. QinG.-K. PlattnerM. TignorS.K. AllenJ. BoschungA. NauelsY. XiaV. BexP.M. Midgley (eds.), Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York.)
  277. Müller et al., 2007 (C. Müller, B. Eickhout, S. Zaehle, A. Bondeau, W. Cramer, W. Lucht (2007). Effects of changes in CO2, climate, and land use on the carbon balance of the land biosphere during the 21st century. Journal of Geophysical Reseach - Biogeosciences, 112, pp. G02032, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  278. Müller et al., 2009 (C. Müller, A. Bondeau, A. Popp, K. Waha, M. Fader (2009). Climate change impacts on agricultural yields, Background note for the World Development Report 2010. Contribution to the World Development Report 2010: Development and Climate Change., The World Bank, Washington, DC.)
  279. Müller et al., 2016a (C. Müller, E. Stehfest, J. G. Van Minnen, B. Strengers, W. Von Bloh, A. H. W. Beusen, S. Schaphoff, T. Kram, W. Lucht (2016). Drivers and patterns of land biosphere carbon balance reversal. Environmental Research Letters, 11(4), doi:
  280. Müller et al., 2016b (Ch. Müller, E. Stehfest, J.G. van Minnen, B. Strengers, W. von Bloh, A. Beusen, S. Schaphoff, T. Kram, W. Lucht (2016). Reversal of the land biosphere carbon balance under climate and land-use change. Environmental Research Letters, 11(4), doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  281. Neelis et al., 2006 (Neelis, M.L., Patel, M.K. (2006). Long-term production, energy use and CO2 emission scenarios for the worldwide iron and steel industry, UU CHEM NW&S (Copernicus), URL:
  282. Nelson et al., 2014 (G. C. Nelson, H. Valin, R.D. Sands, P. Havlík, H. Ahammad, D. Deryng, J. Elliott, S. Fujimori, T. Hasegawa, E. Heyhoe, P. Kyle, M. Von Lampe, H. Lotze-Campen, D. Mason d’Croz, H.van Meijl, D. van der Mensbrugghe, Ch. Müller, A. Popp, R. Robertson, S. Robinson, E. Schmid, C. Schmitz, A.Tabeau, D. Willenbockel (2014). Climate change effects on agriculture: Economic responses to biophysical shocks. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS), 111(9), pp. 3274-3279, doi:
  283. Nelson, 2008 (A Nelson (2008). Estimated travel time to the nearest city of 50000 or more people in the year 2000.JRC.Ispra, Italy.Access date: 2013-10-03.URL:
  284. Neumann, 2010 (K. Neumann (2010). Explaining agricultural intensity at the European and global scale.Ph.D. thesis.pp 168.Wageningen University.The Netherlands..
    Link to PBL-website:
  285. New et al., 1997 (M. New, M. Hulme, P. Jones (1997). A 1961-1990 mean monthly climatology of global land areas, Climate Research Unit, Norwich.)
  286. Newbold et al., 2013 (T. Newbold, J.P.W. Scharlemann, S.H.M. Butchart, Ç. H. Sekercioglu, R. Alkemade, H. Booth, D.W. Purves (2013). Ecological traits affect the response of tropical forest bird species to land-use intensity. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, Biological Sciences, 280(1750).)
  287. Nilsson et al., 2005 (C. Nilsson, C. A. Reidy, M. Dynesius, C. Revenga (2005). Fragmentation and flow regulation of the world's large river systems. Science, 308(5720), pp. 405-408.)
  288. Nkonya et al., 2011 (E. Nkonya, N. Gerber, J. von Braun, A. De Pinto (2011). Economics of land degradation - The costs of action versus inaction, IFPRI, International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington D.C.(URL:;
  289. O'Farrell et al., 2010 (P.J. O'Farrell, B. Reyers, D.C. Le Maitre, S.J. Milton, B. Egoh, A. Maherry, C. Colvin, D. Atkinson, W. De Lange, J.N. Blignaut, R.M. Cowling (2010). Multi-functional landscapes in semi arid environments: Implications for biodiversity and ecosystem services. Landscape ecology, 25(8), pp. 1231-1246, doi:
  290. O'Neill, 2013 (B. O’Neill (2013). Socio-economic observations, scenarios, and their use in LUC models.)
  291. OECD, 2008 (OECD (2008). Environmental outlook to 2030, OECD Publications, Paris, France.
    Link to PBL-website:
  292. OECD, 2012 (OECD (2012). OECD Environmental outlook to 2050: The consequences of inaction, OECD Publishing, Paris, France.
    Link to PBL-website:
  293. Oldeman et al., 1991 (L.R. Oldeman, R.T.A. Hakkeling, W.G. Sombroek (1991). World Map of the Status of Human-Induced Soil Degradation: An Explanatory Note, UNEP and ISRIC, Wageningen.)
  294. Oorschot et al., 2010 (M. Oorschot, J. Ros, J. Notenboom (2010). Evaluation of the indirect effects of biofuel production on biodiversity: assessment across spatial and temporal scales, PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, Bilthoven, the Netherlands. Link to PBL-website:
  295. Overmars et al., 2012 (K.P. Overmars, E. Stehfest, A. Tabeau, H. Meijl, van, A. Mendoza Beltrán, T. Kram (2012). Estimating the costs of reducing CO2 emission via avoided deforestation with integrated assessment modeling.15th Annual Conference on Global Economic Analysis: "New Challenges for Global Trade and Sustainable Development".Geneva.Access date: 27-29 June 2012.)
  296. Overmars et al., 2014 (K. P. Overmars, E. Stehfest, A. Tabeau, H. van Meijl, A. M. Beltrán, T. Kram (2014). Estimating the opportunity costs of reducing carbon dioxide emissions via avoided deforestation, using integrated assessment modelling. Land Use Policy, 41, pp. 45-60, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  297. PBL, 2009 (PBL (2009). Beyond 2015: Long-term development and the Millennium Development Goals, PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, Bilthoven. Link to PBL-website:
  298. PBL, 2010 (PBL (2010). Rethinking global biodiversity strategies, PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, The Hague. Link to PBL-website:
  299. PBL, 2011 (PBL (2011). The protein puzzle, PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, The Hague. Link to PBL-website:
  300. PBL, 2012 (PBL (2012). Roads from Rio+20: Pathways to achieve global sustainability goals by 2050, D.P. Van VuurenM.T.J. Kok (eds.), PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, The Hague. Link to PBL-website:
  301. Pandey et al., 2006 (K.D. Pandey, D. Wheeler, B. Ostro, U. Deichmann, K. Hamilton, K. Bolt (2006). Ambient particulate matter concentrations in residential and pollution hotspot areas of world cities: New estimates based on the global model of ambient particulates (GMAPS), World Bank, Development Research Group and Environment Department, Washington DC.)
  302. Pastor et al., 2014 (A.V. Pastor, F. Ludwig, H. Biemans, D. Gerten, P. Kabat (2014). Accounting for environmental flow requirements in global water assessments. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Discussion, 18, pp. 5041-5059, doi:
  303. Pietzcker et al., 2017 (R. Pietzcker, F. Ueckerdt, S. Carrara, H.S. de Boer, J. Despres, S. Fujimori, N. Johnson, A. Kitous, Y. Scholz, P. Sullivan, G. Luderer (2017). System integration of wind and solar power in integrated assessment models: A cross-model evaluation of new approaches. Energy Economics, 64(May 2017), pp. 583-599, doi:
  304. Pitman et al., 2009 (A. Pitman, N de Noublet-Ducoudré, F. T. Cruz, E. L. Davin, G.B. Bonan, V. Brovkin, M. Claussen, C. Delire, L. Ganzeveld, V. Gayler, B.J.J.M. van den Hurk, P.J. Lawrence, M.K. van der Molen, Christoph Müller, C.H. Reick, S.I. Seneviratne, B J Strengers, A. Voldoire (2009). Uncertainties in climate responses to past land cover change: First results from the LUCID intercomparison study. Geophysical Research Letters, 36, pp. L14814, doi:
  305. Plotkin and Singh 2009 (Plotkin, S. and M. Singh (2009). Multi-path transportation futures study: vehicle characterization and scenario analyses., Argonne National Laboratory (ANL)(URL:
  306. Pope et al., 1995 (C. A. Pope, M. Thun, M. Namboodiri, D. Dockery, J. Evans, F. Speizer, C. Heath (1995). Particulate air pollution as a predictor of mortality in a prospective study of U.S. adults. American Journal Respiratory Critical Care Medicine, 151, pp. 669-674.)
  307. Portmann et al., 2010 (F. T. Portmann, S. Siebert, P. Doll (2010). MIRCA2000-Global monthly irrigated and rainfed crop areas around the year 2000: A new high-resolution data set for agricultural and hydrological modeling. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 24, pp. GB1011, doi:
  308. Prentice et al., 2007 (I.C. Prentice, A. Bondeau, W. Cramer, S.P. Harrison, T. Hickler, W. Lucht, S. Sitch, B. Smith, M.T. Sykes (2007). Dynamic global vegetation modelling: quantifying terrestrial ecosystem responses to large-scale environmental change. In: Canadell J.D.Pataki E.Pitelka L.F. (eds.), Terrestrial Ecosystems in a Changing World. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 175-192.)
  309. Putz et al., 2012 (F. E. Putz, P. A. Zuidema, T. Synnott, M. Peña-Claros, M. A. Pinard, D. Sheil, J. K. Vanclay, P. Sist, S. Gourlet-Fleury, B. Griscom, J. Palmer, R. Zagt (2012). Sustaining conservation values in selectively logged tropical forests: the attained and the attainable. Conservation Letters, 5(4), pp. 296-303.)
  310. Rabalais, 2002 (N.N. Rabalais (2002). Nitrogen in aquatic ecosystems. Ambio, 31(2), pp. 102-112, doi:
  311. Randall et al., 2007 (D.A. Randall, R.A. Wood, S. Bony, R. Colman, T. Fichefet, J. Fyfe, V. Kattsov, A. Pitman, J. Shukla, J. Srinivasan, R. J. Stouffer, A. Sumi, K. E. Taylor (2007). Climate models and their evaluation. In: S. SolomonD. QinM. ManningZ. ChenM. MarquizK.B. AverytM. TignorH.L. Miller (eds.), Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the fourth assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom / New York, NY, USA..)
  312. Rao et al., 2016 (S. Rao, Z. Klimont, J. Leitao, K. Riahi, R. Van Dingenen, L. A. Reis, K. Calvin, F. Dentener, L. Drouet, S. Fujimori, M. Harmsen, G. Luderer, C. Heyes, J. Strefler, M. Tavoni, D. P. Van Vuuren (2016). A multi-model assessment of the co-benefits of climate mitigation for global air quality. Environmental Research Letters, 11(12), doi:
  313. Rao et al., 2017 (S. Rao, Z. Klimont, K. Riahi, M. Amann, O. Fricko, P. Havlik, C. Heyes (2017). Future air pollution in the Shared Socio-economic Pathways. Global Environmental Change, 42, pp. 346-358, doi:
  314. Ravallion et al., 2008 (M. Ravallion, S. Chen, P. Sangraula (2008). Dollar a day revisited, Policy Research Working Paper Series, World Bank, Washington.)
  315. Revenga et al., 2005 (C Revenga, I Campbell, R Abell, P de Villiers, M Bryer (2005). Prospects for monitoring freshwater ecosystems towards the 2010 targets. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 360(1454), pp. 397-413, doi:
  316. Richels et al., 2004 (R.G. Richels, A.S. Manne, T.M.L. Wigley (2004). Moving beyond concentrations: The challenge of limiting temperature change, AEI-Brookings Joint Center, Washington D.C..)
  317. Roelfsema et al., 2013 (M. Roelfsema, M.G.J. den Elzen, A.F. Hof, N. Höhne, N. Braun, H. Fekete, R. Brandsma, J. Larkin, H. Böttcher (2013). Methodology for analysing greenhouse gas emission reduction proposals and national climate policies of major economies, PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, Bilthoven, the Netherlands. Link to PBL-website:
  318. Roelfsema et al., 2014 (M. Roelfsema, M. D. Elzen, N. Höhne, A. F. Hof, N. Braun, H. Fekete, H. Böttcher, R. Brandsma, J. Larkin (2014). Are major economies on track to achieve their pledges for 2020? An assessment of domestic climate and energy policies. Energy Policy, 67, pp. 781-796, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  319. Rogelj et al., 2016 (Rogelj, J., den Elzen, M., Höhne, N., Fransen, T., Fekete, H., Winkler, H., Schaeffer, R., Sha, F., Riahi, K., Meinshausen, M. (2016). Paris Agreement climate proposals need a boost to keep warming well below 2 °C. Nature, 534, pp. 631-639, doi:
  320. Rogner, 1997 (H. Rogner (1997). An assessment of world hydrocarbon resources. Annual Review of Energy and the Environment, 22, pp. 217-262, doi:
  321. Rohwer et al., 2007 (J. Rohwer, D. Gerten, W. Lucht (2007). Development of functional types of irrigation for improved global crop modelling, PIK.)
  322. Rolinski et al., 2018 (Rolinski, S., Müller, C., Heinke, J., Weindl, I., Biewald, A., Bodirsky, B. L., Bondeau, A., Boons-Prins, E. R., Bouwman, A. F., Leffelaar, P. A., te Roller, J. A., Schaphoff, S., Thonicke, K. (2018). Modeling vegetation and carbon dynamics of managed grasslands at the global scale with LPJmL 3.6. Geoscientific Model Development, 11(1), pp. 429-451, doi:
  323. Roorda and Neelis, 2006 (C. Roorda, M. Neelis (2006). Inclusion of production, energy use and value added for steel, cement and paper in the TIMER energy demand module, Universiteit Utrecht, UU CHEM NW&S (Copernicus), Utrecht(URL:
  324. Rosenzweig et al., 2013 (C. Rosenzweig, J. Elliott, D. Deryng, A.C. Ruane, Ch. Müller, A. Arneth, K.J. Boote, C. Folberth, M. Glotter, N. Khabarov, K. Neumann, F. Piontek, T.A.M. Pugh, E. Schmid, E. Stehfest, H. Yang, J.W. Jones (2013). Assessing agricultural risks of climate change in the 21st century in a global gridded crop model intercomparison. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, doi:
  325. Rost et al., 2008 (S. Rost, D. Gerten, A. Bondeau, W. Lucht, J. Rohwer, S. Schaphoff (2008). Agricultural green and blue water consumption and its influence on the global water system. Water Resources Research, 44, pp. W09405, doi:
  326. Rost et al., 2009 (S. Rost, D. Gerten, H. Hoff, W. Lucht, M. Falkenmark, J. Rockstrom (2009). Global potential to increase crop production through water management in rainfed agriculture. Environmental Research Letters, 4(4), doi:
  327. Rotmans, 1990 (J. Rotmans (1990). IMAGE, An integrated model to assess the greenhouse effect, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, the Netherlands.)
  328. Rozanov et al., 1990 (B.G. Rozanov, V. Targulian, D.S. Orlov (1990). Soils. In: B. L. Turner IIW. C. ClarkR. W. KatesJ. F. RichardsJ. T. MathewsW. B. Meyer (eds.), The Earth as transformed by human action: global change and regional changes in the biosphere over the past 300 years. Cambridge University Press / Clark University.)
  329. Rusch et al., 2011 (A Rusch, M Valatin-Morison, J.P. Sarthou, J Roger-Estrade (2011). Effects of crop management and lanscape context on insect pest populations and crop damage. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 166, pp. 118-125, doi:
  330. SCBD, 2010 (sCBD (2010). Strategic action plan for biodiversity 2011-2020 and the Aichi targets.secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity.Montreal, Canada.)
  331. Salvagiotti et al., 2008 (F. Salvagiotti, K. G. Cassman, J. E. Specht, D. T. Walters, A. Weiss, A. Dobermann (2008). Nitrogen uptake, fixation and response to fertilizer N in soybeans: A review. Field Crops Research, 108(1), pp. 1-13.)
  332. Schaphoff et al., 2013 (S. Schaphoff, U. Heyder, S. Ostberg, D. Gerten, J. Heinke, W. Lucht (2013). Contribution of permafrost soils to the global carbon budget. Environmental Research Letters, 8(1), pp. 014026, doi:
  333. Schaphoff et al., 2018a (Sibyll Schaphoff, Werner von Bloh, Anja Rammig, Kirsten Thonicke, Hester Biemans, Matthias Forkel, Dieter Gerten, Jens Heinke, Jonas Jägermeyr, Jürgen Knauer, Fanny Langerwisch, Wolfgang Lucht, Christoph Müller, Susanne Rolinski, and Katharina Waha (2018). LPJmL4 – a dynamic global vegetation model with managed land – Part 1: Model description. Geoscientific Model Development, 11, pp. 1343–1375, doi:
  334. Schaphoff et al., 2018b (Sibyll Schaphoff, Matthias Forkel, Christoph Müller, Jürgen Knauer, Werner von Bloh, Dieter Gerten, Jonas Jägermeyr, Wolfgang Lucht, Anja Rammig, Kirsten Thonicke, and Katharina Waha (2018). LPJmL4 – a dynamic global vegetation model with managed land – Part 2: Model evaluation. Geoscientific Model Development, 11, pp. 1377–1403, doi:
  335. Scholes and Biggs, 2005 (R.J. Scholes, R. Biggs (2005). A biodiversity intactness index. Nature, 434, pp. 45-49.)
  336. Schulp and Alkemade, 2011 (C.J.E. Schulp, R. Alkemade (2011). Geometric and thematic uncertainty in mapping ecosystem services derived from global-scale land cover data. Remote Sensing, 3(9), pp. 2057-2075.)
  337. Schulp et al., 2012 (C. J. E. Schulp, R. Alkemade, K. Klein Goldewijk, K. Petz (2012). Mapping ecosystem functions and services in Eastern Europe using global-scale data sets. International Journal of Biodiversity Science, Ecosystem Services and Management, 8(1-2), pp. 156-168, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  338. Sea around us project, 2013 (Sea around us project (2013). Fisheries, ecosystems and biodiversity.Sea around us project.URL:
  339. Seitzinger et al., 2005 (S. P. Seitzinger, J. A. Harrison, E. Dumont, A. H. W. Beusen, A. F. Bouwman (2005). Sources and delivery of carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus to the coastal zone: An overview of Global Nutrient Export from Watersheds (NEWS) models and their application. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 19(4), pp. GB4S01, doi:
  340. Seitzinger et al., 2010 (S. P. Seitzinger, E. Mayorga, A. F. Bouwman, C. Kroeze, A. H. W. Beusen, G Billen, G. Van Drecht, E. Dumont, B. M. Fekete, J. Garnier, J. A. Harrison (2010). Global river nutrient export: A scenario analysis of past and future trends. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 24(4).)
  341. Seré and Steinfeld, 1996 (C. Seré, H. Steinfeld (1996). World livestock production systems. Current status, issues and trends, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome.)
  342. Shindell et al., 2012 (D. Shindell, J. C. I. Kuylenstierna, E. Vignati, R. Van Dingenen, M. Amann, Z. Klimont, S. C. Anenberg, N. Muller, G. Janssens-Maenhout, F. Raes, J. Schwartz, G. Faluvegi, L. Pozzoli, K. Kupiainen, L. Höglund-Isaksson, L. Emberson, D. Streets, V. Ramanathan, K. Hicks, N. T. K. Oanh, G. Milly, M. Williams, V. Demkine, D. Fowler (2012). Simultaneously mitigating near-term climate change and improving human health and food security. Science, 335(6065), pp. 183-189.)
  343. Siebert et al., 2005 (S. Siebert, P. Döll, J. Hoogeveen, J. M. Faures, K. Frenken, S. Feick (2005). Development and validation of the global map of irrigation areas. Hydrology & Earth System Sciences Discussions, 2(4), doi:
  344. Siebert, 2010 (S. Siebert (2010). . Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Discussions, 7, pp. 3977-4021.)
  345. Sitch et al., 2003 (S. Sitch, B. Smith, I.C. Prentice, A. Arneth, A. Bondeau, W. Cramer, J.O. Kaplan, S. Levis, W. Lucht, M.T. Sykes, K. Thonicke, S. Venevsky (2003). Evaluation of ecosystem dynamics, plant geography and terrestrial carbon cycling in the LPJ dynamic global vegetation model. Global Change Biology, 9(2), pp. 161-185.)
  346. Smith and Haddad, 2000 (L. Smith, L. Haddad (2000). Explaining child malnutrition in developing countries: A cross-country analysis, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Washington, DC..)
  347. Smith et al., 2005 (Steven Smith, Hugh Pitcher, T. Wigley (2005). Future sulfur dioxide emissions. Climatic Change, 73(3), pp. 267-318.)
  348. Smith et al., 2011 (S.J. Smith, J. van Aardenne, Z Klimont, R Andres, AC Volke, S. Delgado Arias (2011). Anthropogenic Sulfur Dioxide Emissions: 1850-2005. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11(3), pp. 1101-1116.)
  349. Steffan-Dewenter and Tscharntke, 1999 (I. Steffan-Dewenter, T. Tscharntke (1999). Effects of habitat isolation on pollinator communities and seed set. Oecologia, 121(3), pp. 432-440.)
  350. Stehfest et al., 2009 (E. Stehfest, L. Bouwman, D. P. Van Vuuren, M. G. J. Den Elzen, B. Eickhout, P. Kabat (2009). Climate benefits of changing diet. Climatic Change, 95(1-2), pp. 83-102, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  351. Stehfest et al., 2013 (E. Stehfest, M. Berg, G. Woltjer, S. Msangi, H. Westhoek (2013). Options to reduce the environmental effects of livestock production - Comparison of two economic models. Agricultural Systems, 114, pp. 38-53, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  352. Stehfest et al., 2014 (E. Stehfest, D.P. van Vuuren, L. Bouwman, T.Kram, R. Alkemade, M. Bakkenes, H. Biemans, A. Bouwman, M. den Elzen, J. Janse, P. Lucas, J. van Minnen, C. Müller, A. Prins (2014). IMAGE 3.0, PBL.
    Link to PBL-website:
  353. Stehfest et al., 2019 (Elke Stehfest, Willem-Jan van Zeist, Hugo Valin, Petr Havlik, Alexander Popp, Page Kyle, Andrzej Tabeau, Daniel Mason-D’Croz, Tomoko Hasegawa, Benjamin L. Bodirsky, Katherine Calvin, Jonathan C. Doelman, Shinichiro Fujimori, Florian Humpenöder, Hermann Lotze-Campen, Hans van Meijl and Keith Wiebe (2019). Key determinants of global land-use projections. Nature Communications, 10, doi:
  354. Stern, 2003 (D. I. Stern (2003). The Environmental Kuznets Curve.International Society for Ecological Economics Internet Encyclopedia of Ecological Economics.URL:
  355. Stoorvogel et al., 2017 (J. J. Stoorvogel, M. Bakkenes, A.J.A.M. Temme, N.H. Batjes, B.J.E. ten Brink (2017). S-World: A Global Soil Map for Environmental Modelling. Land Degradation and Development, 28(1), pp. 22-33, doi:
  356. Stoorvogel, 2014 (J.J. Stoorvogel (2014). S-world: A global map of soil properties for modeling. In: D. ArrouaysN. McKenzeyJ. HempelA.C. Richer de ForgesA. McBratney (eds.), GlobalSoilMap, basis of the global spatial soil information system. Taylor & Francis Group, London, UK, pp. 227-231.)
  357. Strengers et al., 2008 (B. J. Strengers, J. G. Van Minnen, B. Eickhout (2008). The role of carbon plantations in mitigating climate change: Potentials and costs. Climatic Change, 88(3-4), pp. 343-366, doi:
  358. Strengers et al., 2010 (B J Strengers, C Müller, M Schaeffer, R Haarsma, C. Severijns, R. van den Houdt, R. Oostenrijk (2010). Assessing 20th century climate-vegetation feedbacks of land-use change and natural vegetation dynamics in a fully coupled vegetation-climate model. International Journal of Climatology, 30(13), pp. 2055-2065, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  359. TEEB, 2010a (TEEB (2010). The economics of ecosystems and biodiversity ecological and economic foundations, Earthscan, Londen and Washington.
    Link to PBL-website:
  360. TEEB, 2010b (TEEB (2010). Mainstreaming the economics of nature: a synthesis of the approach, conclusions and recommendations of TEEB(URL:
  361. Thies et al., 2003 (C Thies, I Steffan-Dewenter, T Tscharntje (2003). Effects of landscape contect on herbivory and parasitism at different spatial scales. Oikos, 101, pp. 18-25.)
  362. Thomson et al., 2011 (A.M. Thomson, K.V. Calvin, S. J. Smith, G.P. Kyle, A.. Volke, P. Patel, S.. Delgado-Arias, B. Bond-Lamberty, M.A. Wise, L.E. Clarke, J.A. Edmonds (2011). RCP4.5: A pathway for stabilization of radiative forcing by 2100. Climatic Change, 109(1-2), pp. 77-94, doi:
  363. UN, 2013 (UN (2013). World Population Prospects, The 2012 Revision, Volume I: Comprehensive Tables, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division(URL:
  364. UNCCD, 2012 (UNCCD (2012). Zero net land degradation, a sustainable development goal for Rio 20+ to secure the contribution of our planet's land and soil to sustainable development, including food security and poverty eradication.pp 17.UNCCD secretariat.Bonn.Access date: 2012-05-01.URL:
  365. UNDP, 1990 (UNDP (1990). Human Development Report 1990, United Nations Development Programme, New York.)
  366. UNDP, 2010 (UNDP (2010). Human Development Report 2010 - The real wealth of nations: pathways to human development, United Nations Development Programme, New York.)
  367. UNEP (2016) (UNEP, PBL contribution M.G.J. den Elzen, J.G.J Olivier, M.R. Roelfsema (2016). The Emissions Gap Report 2016. United Nations Environment, UNEP, UNEP, Nairobi. Link to PBL-website:
  368. UNEP, 2001 (UNEP (2001). GLOBIO. Global methodology for mapping human impacts on the biosphere, Report UNEP/DEWA/TR 25, United Nations Environmental Programme, Nairobi.)
  369. UNEP, 2002 (UNEP (2002). GEO-3. Past, present and future perspectives, Earthscan, London.
    Link to PBL-website:
  370. UNEP, 2011 (UNEP (2011). UNEP Bridging the gap report, United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)(URL:
  371. UNEP, 2012 (UNEP (2012). The Emissions Gap Report 2012. A UNEP Synthesis Report, United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).)
  372. UNEP-INTERPOL, 2012 (UNEP-INTERPOL (2012). Green Carbon, Black Trade: Illegal Logging, Tax Fraud and Laundering in the Worlds Tropical Forests. A Rapid Response Assessment. Nellemann, C. INTERPOL Environmental Crime Programme (eds), United Nations Environment Programme, GRID, Arendal, Norway.)
  373. UNEP-WCMC, 2005 (UNEP-WCMC (2005). World database on Protected Areas.UNEP-WCMC.Cambridge, United Kingdom.URL:
  374. UNEP-WCMC, 2008 (UNEP-WCMC (2008). Carbon and biodiversity: a demonstration atlas, UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, United Kingdom.)
  375. UNEP-WCMC, 2011 (UNEP-WCMC (2011). The UK national ecosystem assessment: Synthesis of the key findings, UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, UK.)
  376. UNEP/RIVM, 2004 (UNEP/RIVM (2004). The GEO-3 scenarios 2002-2032: Quantification and analysis of environmental impacts, J. PottingJ. Bakkes (eds.), Division of Early Warning and Assessment (DEWA), United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) / National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Nairobi / Bilthoven. Link to PBL-website:
  377. UNFCCC (2015) ((2015). Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs).Access date: Accessed: 29 October, 2015.URL:
  378. UNFCCC (2015b) ((2015). Paris Agreement. Decision 1/CP.17.UNFCCC document FCCC/CP/2015/L.9/Rev.1.Access date: December 2015.URL:
  379. UNISDR, 2005 (UNISDR (2005). Hyogo framework for action 2005 - 2015: Building the resilience of nations and communities to disasters, UNISDR, United Nations, Geneva, Switzerland.)
  380. UNISDR, 2011 (UNISDR (2011). Global assessment report on disaster risk reduction, UNISDR, United Nations, Geneva, Switzerland.)
  381. USGS, 2000 (USGS (2000). World Petroleum Assessment 2000, US Geological Survey, Washington DC(URL:
  382. Ueckerdt et al., 2016 (F. Ueckerdt, R. Pietzcker, Y. Scholz, D. Stetter, A. Giannousakis, G. Luderer (2016). Decarbonizing global power supply under region-specific consideration of challenges and options of integrating variable renewables in the REMIND model. Energy Economics, doi:
  383. Van Asselen and Verburg, 2012 (Van Asselen, S. and Verburg P.H. (2012). A land system representation for global assessments and land-use modeling. Global Change Biology, 18, pp. 3125-3148, doi:
  384. Van Asselen and Verburg, 2013 (S. Van Asselen, P.H. Verburg (2013). Land cover change or land-use intensification: simulating land system change with a global-scale land change model. Global Change Biology, 19(12), pp. 3648-3667, doi:
  385. Van Asselen et al., 2013 (S. Van Asselen, P.H. Verburg, J. Vermaat, J.H. Janse (2013). Drivers of wetland conversions: a global meta-analysis. PLoS ONE, 8, pp. e81292, doi:
  386. Van Beek and Bierkens, 2009 (L. P. H. van Beek, M. F. P. Bierkens (2009). The global hydrological model PCR-GLOBWB: conceptualization, parameterization and verification.Department of Physical Geography.Utrecht University, The Netherlands.URL:
  387. Van Beek et al., 2011 (L. P. H. van Beek, Y. Wada, M. F. P. Bierkens (2011). Global monthly water stress: 1. Water balance and water availability. Water Resources Research, 47, pp. W07517, doi:
  388. Van Beek, 2012 (R. van Beek (2012). Estimating soil hydraulic properties for reconstructed maps of historic land use using pedotransfer functions, Utrecht University (Internal report), The Netherlands.)
  389. Van Bussel, 2011 (L.G.J. van Bussel (2011). From field to globe: Upscaling of crop growth modelling.Ph.D. thesis.pp 212.Wageningen University.The Netherlands.)
  390. Van Drecht et al., 2009 (G. Van Drecht, A. F. Bouwman, J. Harrison, J. M. Knoop (2009). Global nitrogen and phosphate in urban wastewater for the period 1970 to 2050. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 23(3), pp. GB0A03, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  391. Van Jaarsveld et al., 2005 (A.S. van Jaarsveld, R. Biggs, R.J. Scholes, E. Bohensky, B. Reyers, T. Lynam, C. Musvoto, C. Fabricius (2005). Measuring conditions and trends in ecosystem services at multiple scales: the Southern African Millennium Ecosystem Assessment - MA (2005) project (SAfMA) experience. Philosophical transactions of the royal society, 360, pp. 425-441.)
  392. Van Meijl et al., 2006 (H. Van Meijl, T. Van Rheenen, A. Tabeau, B. Eickhout (2006). The impact of different policy environments on agricultural land use in Europe. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 114(1), pp. 21-38, doi:
  393. Van Meijl et al., 2018 (H. Van Meijl, P. Havlik, H. Lotze-Campen, E. Stehfest, P. Witzke, I.P. Domínguez, B.L. Bodirsky, M. Van Dijk, J. Doelman, T. Fellmann, F. Humpenöder, J.F.L. Koopman, C. Müller, A. Popp, A. Tabeau, H. Valin, W.-J. Van Zeist (2018). Comparing impacts of climate change and mitigation on global agriculture by 2050. Environmental Research Letters, 13(6), doi:
  394. Van Minnen et al., 2000 (J. G. Van Minnen, R. Leemans, F. Ihle (2000). Defining the importance of including transient ecosystem responses to simulate C-cycle dynamics in a global change model. Global Change Biology, 6(6), pp. 595-611, doi:
  395. Van Minnen et al., 2008 (J. G. van Minnen, B. J. Strengers, B. Eickhout, R. J. Swart, R. Leemans (2008). Quantifying the effectiveness of climate change mitigation through forest plantations and carbon sequestration with an integrated land-use model. Carbon Balance and Management, 3(3), doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  396. Van Ruijven et al., 2007 (B. van Ruijven, D. P. van Vuuren, B. de Vries (2007). The potential role of hydrogen in energy systems with and without climate policy. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 32(12), pp. 1655-1672, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  397. Van Ruijven et al., 2008 (B. van Ruijven, L. Hari, D. P. van Vuuren, B. de Vries (2008). The potential role of hydrogen energy in India and Western Europe. Energy Policy, 36(5), pp. 1649-1665, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  398. Van Ruijven et al., 2010a (B. van Ruijven, B. de Vries, D. P. van Vuuren, J. P. van der Sluijs (2010). A global model for residential energy use: Uncertainty in calibration to regional data. Energy, 35(1), pp. 269-282, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  399. Van Ruijven et al., 2010b (B. van Ruijven, J. P. van der Sluijs, D. P. van Vuuren, P. Janssen, P. S. C. Heuberger, B. de Vries (2010). Uncertainty from model calibration: Applying a new method to transport energy demand modelling. Environmental Modeling and Assessment, 15(3), pp. 175-188, doi:
  400. Van Ruijven et al., 2011 (B. J. van Ruijven, D. P. van Vuuren, B. J. M. de Vries, M. Isaac, J. P. van der Sluijs, P. L. Lucas, P. Balachandra (2011). Model projections for household energy use in India. Energy Policy, 39(12), pp. 7747-7761, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  401. Van Ruijven et al., 2012 (B. J. van Ruijven, J. Schers, D. P. van Vuuren (2012). Model-based scenarios for rural electrification in developing countries. Energy, 38(1), pp. 386-397, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  402. Van Ruijven et al., 2016 (B. J. Van Ruijven, D. P. Van Vuuren, W. Boskaljon, M. L. Neelis, D. Saygin, M. K. Patel (2016). Long-term model-based projections of energy use and CO2 emissions from the global steel and cement industries. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 112, pp. 15-36, doi:
  403. Van Sluisveld et al., 2021 (Mariësse A.E. van Sluisveld, Harmen Sytze de Boer, Vassilis Daioglou, Andries F.Hof, Detlef P.van Vuuren (2021). A race to zero - Assessing the position of heavy industry in a global net-zero CO2 emissions context. Energy and Climate Change, 2, doi:
  404. Van Vliet et al., 2012 (J. van Vliet, M. van den Berg, M. Schaeffer, D. P. van Vuuren, M. den Elzen, A. F. Hof, A. M. Beltran, M. Meinshausen (2012). . Climatic Change, 113(2), pp. 551-561, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  405. Van Vuuren and Stehfest, 2013 (D. P. van Vuuren, E. Stehfest (2013). If climate action becomes urgent: The importance of response times for various climate strategies. Climatic Change, 121(3), pp. 473-486, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  406. Van Vuuren et al., 2006 (D. P. van Vuuren, J. Cofala, H. E. Eerens, R. Oostenrijk, C. Heyes, Z. Klimont, M. G. J. den Elzen, M. Amann (2006). Exploring the ancillary benefits of the Kyoto Protocol for air pollution in Europe. Energy Policy, 34(4), pp. 444-460, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  407. Van Vuuren et al., 2007a (D. P. Van Vuuren, M. G. J. Den Elzen, P. L. Lucas, B. Eickhout, B. J. Strengers, B. Van Ruijven, S. Wonink, R. Van Houdt (2007). Stabilizing greenhouse gas concentrations at low levels: An assessment of reduction strategies and costs. Climatic Change, 81(2), pp. 119-159, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  408. Van Vuuren et al., 2007b (D. P. van Vuuren, P. L. Lucas, H. Hilderink (2007). Downscaling drivers of global environmental change: Enabling use of global SRES scenarios at the national and grid levels. Global Environmental Change, 17(1), pp. 114-130, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  409. Van Vuuren et al., 2008 (D. P. van Vuuren, B. de Vries, A. Beusen, P. S. C. Heuberger (2008). Conditional probabilistic estimates of 21st century greenhouse gas emissions based on the storylines of the IPCC-SRES scenarios. Global Environmental Change, 18(4), pp. 635-654, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  410. Van Vuuren et al., 2009 (D. P. van Vuuren, J. van Vliet, E. Stehfest (2009). Future bio-energy potential under various natural constraints. Energy Policy, 37(11), pp. 4220-4230, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  411. Van Vuuren et al., 2010 (D. P. Van Vuuren, E. Bellevrat, A. Kitous, M. Isaac (2010). Bio-energy use and low stabilization scenarios. Energy Journal, 31(SPECIAL ISSUE), pp. 193-222.
    Link to PBL-website:
  412. Van Vuuren et al., 2011a (D. P. van Vuuren, E. Stehfest, M. G. J. den Elzen, T. Kram, J. van Vliet, S. Deetman, M. Isaac, K. K. Goldewijk, A. Hof, A. M. Beltran, R. Oostenrijk, B. van Ruijven (2011). . Climatic Change, 109(1), pp. 95-116, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  413. Van Vuuren et al., 2011b (D. P. Van Vuuren, L. F. Bouwman, S. J. Smith, F. Dentener (2011). Global projections for anthropogenic reactive nitrogen emissions to the atmosphere: An assessment of scenarios in the scientific literature. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 3(5), pp. 359-369, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  414. Van Vuuren et al., 2012 (D. P. Van Vuuren, K. Riahi, R. Moss, J. Edmonds, A. Thomson, N. Nakicenovic, T. Kram, F. Berkhout, R. Swart, A. Janetos, S. K. Rose, N. Arnell (2012). A proposal for a new scenario framework to support research and assessment in different climate research communities. Global Environmental Change, 22(1), pp. 21-35, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  415. Van Vuuren et al., 2015 (D.P. van Vuuren, T. Kram, E. Stehfest (2015). IMAGE strategy document, PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, The Hague. Link to PBL-website:
  416. Van Vuuren et al., 2017b (D. P. van Vuuren, E. Stehfest, D. E. H. J. Gernaat, J. C. Doelman, M. van den Berg, M. Harmsen, H. S. de Boer, L. F. Bouwman, V. Daioglou, O. Y. Edelenbosch, B. Girod, T. Kram, L. Lassaletta, P. L. Lucas, H. van Meijl, C. Müller, B. J. van Ruijven, S. van der Sluis, A. Tabeau (2017). Energy, land-use and greenhouse gas emissions trajectories under a green growth paradigm. Global Environmental Change, 42, pp. 237-250, doi:
  417. Van Vuuren et al., 2018 (D.P. Van Vuuren, E. Stehfest, D.E.H.J. Gernaat, M. Van Den Berg, D.L. Bijl, H.S. De Boer, V. Daioglou, J.C. Doelman, O.Y. Edelenbosch, M. Harmsen, A.F. Hof, M.A.E. Van Sluisveld (2018). Alternative pathways to the 1.5 °c target reduce the need for negative emission technologies. Nature Climate Change, 8(5), pp. 391-397, doi:
  418. Van Vuuren et al., 2021 (Detlef van Vuuren, Elke Stehfest , David Gernaat, Harmen-Sytze de Boer , Vassilis Daioglou , Jonathan Doelman , Oreane Edelenbosch , Mathijs Harmsen , Willem-Jan van Zeist , Maarten van den Berg , Ioannis Dafnomilis , Mariesse van Sluisveld , Andrzej Tabeau , Lotte De Vos , Liesbeth de Waal, Nicole van den Berg , Arthur Beusen , Astrid Bos , Hester Biemans , Lex Bouwman , Hsing-Hsuan Chen, Sebastiaan Deetman , Anteneh Dagnachew , Andries Hof , Hans van Meijl , Johan Meyer, Stratos Mikropoulos, Mark Roelfsema , Aafke Schipper , Heleen Van Soest , Isabela Tagomori , Victhalia Zapata Castillo (2021). The 2021 SSP scenarios of the IMAGE 3.2 model, doi:
  419. Van Vuuren, 2007 (D.P. van Vuuren (2007). Energy systems and climate policy: Long-term scenarios for an uncertain future.Science, Technology and Society.Ph.D. thesis.pp 326.Utrecht University.Utrecht, The Netherlands.)
  420. Van den Berg et al., 2011 (M. van den Berg, J. A. Bakkes, L. Bouwman, M. Jeuken, T. Kram, K. Neumann, D.P. van Vuuren, h. Wilting (2011). EU resource efficiency perspectives in a global context, PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, The Hague. Link to PBL-website:
  421. Van den Berg et al., 2015 (Maarten van den Berg, Andries Hof, Jasper van Vliet, Detlef van Vuuren (2015). Impact of the choice of emission metric on greenhouse gas abatement and costs. Environmental Research Letters, 10(2).
    Link to PBL-website:
  422. Van den Berg et al., 2020 (Van den Berg et al. (2020). Implications of various effort-sharing approaches for national carbon budgets and emission pathways. Climatic Change, 162, pp. 1805-1822, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  423. Van der Esch et al., 2017 (Stefan van der Esch, Ben ten Brink, Elke Stehfest, Michel

    Bakkenes, Annelies Sewell, Arno Bouwman, Johan Meijer, Henk Westhoek, Maurits van den Berg (2017).

    Exploring future changes in land use and land condition and the impacts on food, water, climate change and biodiversity: Scenarios for the UNCCD Global Land Outlook, PBL, PBL, Den Haag. Link to PBL-website:
  424. Van der Esch et al., 2021 (Stefan van der Esch, Annelies Sewell, Michel Bakkenes, Ezra Berkhout, Jonathan Doelman, Elke Stehfest, Christoph Langhans, Arno Bouwman, Ben ten Brink (2021). The global potential for land restoration: Scenarios for the Global Land Outlook 2, PBL, PBL, Den Haag. Link to PBL-website:
  425. Velders et al., 2009 (G. J. M. Velders, D. W. Fahey, J. S. Daniel, M. McFarland, S. O. Andersen (2009). The large contribution of projected HFC emissions to future climate forcing. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS), 106(27), pp. 10949-10954.
    Link to PBL-website:
  426. Velders et al., 2015 (Guus J. M.Velders, David W. Fahey, John S. Daniel, Stephen O. Andersen, Mack McFarland (2015). Future atmospheric abundances and climate forcings from scenarios of global and regional hydrofluorocarbon (HFC) emissions. Atmospheric Environment, 123, pp. 200-209, doi:
  427. Verboom et al., 2014 (J. Verboom, R.P.H. Snep, J. Stouten, R. Pouwels, G. Peer, P.W. Goedhart, M. van Adrichem, R. Alkemade, L. Jones-Walters (2014). Using Minimum Area Requirements (MAR) for assemblages of mammal and bird species in global biodiversity assessments, Wageningen Environmental Research (Alterra), Wageningen Environmental Research (Alterra), Wageningen(URL:
  428. Verburg et al., 2009 (R. Verburg, E. Stehfest, G. Woltjer, B. Eickhout (2009). The effect of agricultural trade liberalisation on land-use related greenhouse gas emissions. Global Environmental Change, 19(4), pp. 434-446, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  429. Vetter et al., 2008 (M. Vetter, G. Churkina, M. Jung, M. Reichstein, S. Zaehle, A. Bondeau, Y. Chen, P. Ciais, F. Feser, A. Freibauer, R. Geyer, C. Jones, D. Papale, J. Tenhunen, E. Tomelleri, K. Trusilova, N. Viovy, M. Heimann (2008). Analyzing the causes and spatial pattern of the European 2003 carbon flux anomaly using seven models. Biogeosciences, 5(2), pp. 561-583.)
  430. Visconti et al., 2011 (P. Visconti, R.L. Pressey, D. Giorgini, L. Maiorano, M. Bakkenes, L. Boitani, R. Alkemade, A. Falcucci, F. Chiozza, C. Rondinini (2011). Future hotspots of terrestrial mammal loss. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 366, pp. 2693-2702, doi:
    Link to PBL-website:
  431. Von Bloh et al., 2018 (Werner von Bloh, Sibyll Schaphoff, Christoph Müller, Susanne Rolinski, Katharina Waha, and Sönke Zaehle (2018). Implementing the nitrogen cycle into the dynamic global vegetation, hydrology, and crop growth model LPJmL (version 5.0). Geoscientific Model Development, 11, pp. 2789–2812, doi:
  432. Von Lampe et al., 2014 (Von Lampe, M., Willenbockel D., Calvin K., Fujimori S., Hasegawa T., Havlik P., Kyle P., Lotze-Campen H., Mason d’Croz D., Nelson G., Sands R., Schmitz C., Tabeau A., Valin H., van der Mensbrugghe D. and van Meijl H. (2014). Why do global long-term scenarios for agriculture differ? An overview of the AgMIP Global Economic Model Intercomparison.. Agricultural Economics, Special Issue on Global Model Intercomparison, 45(1), pp. 3-20, doi:
  433. Vörösmarty et al., 2000 (C.J. Vörösmarty, P. Green, J. Salisbury, R. B. Lammers (2000). Global water resources: Vulnerability from climate change and population growth. Science, 289(5477), pp. 284-288.)
  434. WEC, 2010 (WEC (2010). Energy resources. Online data resource., World Energy Council, London.)
  435. WHO, 2002 (WHO (2002). The World Health Report 2002: Reducing risks, promoting healthy life, World Health Organization, Geneva.)
  436. WHO, 2009 (WHO (2009). Global health risks: Mortality and burden of disease attributable to selected major risks, World Health Organization, Geneva.)
  437. WHO/UNICEF, 2012 (WHO/UNICEF (2012). Joint monitoring programme for water and sanitation: 2011 update, World Health Organization/UNICEF.)
  438. WMO/UNEP, 2013 (WMO/UNEP (2013). Integrated assessment of black carbon and tropospheric ozone, WMO/UNEP.)
  439. Wada et al., 2011 (Y. Wada, L. P. H. van Beek, D. Viviroli, H. H. Dürr, R. Weingartner, M. F. P. Bierkens (2011). Global monthly water stress: 2. Water demand and severity of water stress. Water Resources Research, 47, pp. W07518, doi:
  440. Waha et al., 2012 (K. Waha, L.G.J. van Bussel, C. Müller, A. Bondeau (2012). Climate-driven simulation of global crop sowing dates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 21(2), pp. 247-259, doi:
  441. Ward et al., 2013 (P. J. Ward, B. Jongman, F. Sperna Weiland, A. A. Bouwman, R. van Beek, M.F.P. Bierkens, W. Ligtvoet, H. C. Winsemius (2013). Assessing flood risk at the global scale: model setup, results, and sensitivity. Environmental Research Letters, 8, pp. 8044019, doi:
  442. Weijters et al., 2009 (M.J. Weijters, J.H. Janse, R. Alkemade, J. T. A. Verhoeven (2009). Quantifying the effect of catchment land use and water nutrient concentrations on freshwater river and stream biodiversity. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 19(1), pp. 104-112, doi:
  443. Wene, 2000 (C.O. Wene (2000). Experience curves for energy technology policy, OECD/IEA, Paris, France.)
  444. Westhoek et al., in preparation (H. Westhoek, E. Stehfest, M. Berg van den, G Woltjer (in preparation). Effects on global agricultural greenhouse gas emissions from changes in EU diets and husbandry systems. Animals - in preparation; available on request.)
  445. Winsemius et al., 2012 (H. C. Winsemius, L. P. H. Van Beek, B. Jongman, P. J. Ward, A. A. Bouwman (2012). A framework for global river flood risk assessments. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Discussions, 9(8), pp. 9611-9659.)
  446. Wischmeier and Smith, 1978 (W.H. Wischmeier, D.D. Smith (1978). Predicting rainfall erosion losses. A guide to conservation planning, United States Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C..)
  447. Woltjer et al., 2011 (G.B. Woltjer, M. Kuiper, H. van Meijl (2011). Chapter 2: MAGNET, The agricultural world in equations: An overview of the main models used at LEI. LEI, The Hague.)
  448. Woltjer et al., 2014 (G.B. Woltjer, M. Kuiper, A. Kavallari, H. van Meijl, J. Powell, M. Rutten, L. Shutes, A. Tabeau (2014). , LEI, The Hague.)
  449. Woltjer, 2011 (G.B. Woltjer (2011). Meat consumption, production and land use: model implementation and scenarios, WOT Natuur and Milieu, Wageningen(URL:
  450. World Bank, 2009 (World Bank (2009). World development indicators.World Bank.Washington DC.URL:
  451. Zalasiewicz et al., 2010 (J. Zalasiewicz, M. Williams, W. Steffen, P. Crutzen (2010). The new world of the Anthropocene1. Environmental Science & Technology, 44(7), pp. 2228-2231, doi:
  452. Zhang et al., 2010 (J. Zhang, D. Gilbert, A. J. Gooday, L. Levin, S. W. A. Naqvi, J. J. Middelburg, M. Scranton, W. Ekau, A. Peña, B. Dewitte, T. Oguz, P. M. S. Monteiro, E. Urban, N. N. Rabalais, V. Ittekkot, W. M. Kemp, O. Ulloa, R. Elmgren, E. Escobar-Briones, A. K. Van der Plas (2010). Natural and human-induced hypoxia and consequences for coastal areas: synthesis and future development. Biogeosciences, 7(5), pp. 1443-1467.)

View (previous 750 | next 750) (20 | 50 | 100 | 250 | 500)