Welcome to IMAGE 3.0 Documentation

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IMAGE is an Integrated Model to Assess the Global Environment.

The IMAGE modelling framework has been developed by the IMAGE team under the authority of PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency. IMAGE is documented on this website (including updates) and in the IMAGE 3.0 book. In 2014, IMAGE has been reviewed by an international advisory board (International review of IMAGE3.0). The development strategy for the period 2015-2020 is elaborated in the IMAGE strategy document.

What is IMAGE?

IMAGE is an ecological-environmental model framework that simulates the environmental consequences of human activities worldwide. It represents interactions between society, the biosphere and the climate system to assess sustainability issues such as climate change, biodiversity and human well-being. The objective of the IMAGE model is to explore the long-term dynamics and impacts of global changes that result from interacting socio-economic and environmental factors.

Navigate the website

Below, we briefly indicate some of the information available on this website.

To become acquainted with the IMAGE framework:

Policy-related pages:

Model-related pages:

Assessment-related pages:


IMAGE and the Integrated Assessment Model Consortium (IAMC)

IMAGE is part of the global IAMC, an organization of scientific research organizations that pursues scientific understanding of issues associated with integrated assessment modeling and analysis. Several Integrated Assessment Models (IAMs) including IMAGE are documented on the IAMC models website. The IMAGE model framework can be compared to other IAMs through the standardised comparison table with the key model characteristics: Model Comparison

Availability of data results

  • All scenario data (>200 indicators) for major projects are available for download and for viewing in a User Support System (USS)The Download page explains how to download and use the USS for IMAGE scenarios. USS is a viewer showing the scenario indicators (>200) of a number of projects.
  • At IIASA (RCP Database (version 2.0)) the IMAGE scenario results are part of the database of Integrated Assessment scenarios. At this website many indicators can be viewed and compared.

Availability of models

Most of the models, currently, are not available as downloadable software. They are too complex and require expert use.

The IMAGE 3.0 book

The contents of this website originates from the IMAGE 3.0 book. The website extends and actualises all information on the IMAGE framework.

What's new in IMAGE 3.0

Purpose and setup of this site