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IMAGE 3 Documentation

IMAGE is an Integrated Model to Assess the Global Environment.

The IMAGE model is developed by the IMAGE team under the authority of PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency.

What is IMAGE ?

IMAGE is an ecological-environmental framework that simulates the environmental consequences of human activities worldwide. It represents interactions between society, the biosphere and the climate system to assess sustainability issues like climate change, biodiversity and human well-being. The objective of the version of IMAGE described here (version released in 2013) is to explore the long-term dynamics and impacts of global change as the result of interacting demographic, technological, economic, social, cultural and political factors.

Navigate through the site

  • Introduction to IMAGE framework containing a general introduction to the framework and Integrated Assessment modelling.
  • Overview of the framework gives an overview of the comprised components; e.g. models, drivers, impacts and policy responses
  • Set of component overviews: Start exploring the components of the framework via this page. It describes and links to several component overviews, each made from a different perspective.
  • Application overview gives an overview of the projects where the IMAGE framework has been applied to produce scenario results.
  • Browse data lets you investigate the categories and their pages.

The IMAGE 3.0 book

The IMAGE 3.0 book is the origin of the content of this site. Here we extent and actualise the information on IMAGE framework.

Availability of data results from the framework

We publish a viewer that gives access to the resulting scenarios of some projects where we applied the IMAGE framework. See the Download page.

At IIASA [URL to database] IMAGE scenario results are part of the model set. At this site you can view and compare many indicators.

Availability of models

Most of the models are not available as downloadable software at the moment. They are too complex and rely on use by experts.