Welcome to IMAGE 3.3 Documentation

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IMAGE (Integrated Model to Assess the Global Environment) is an integrated assessment model that simulates the environmental consequences of human activities worldwide. It represents interactions between society, the biosphere and the climate system to assess sustainability issues such as climate change, biodiversity and human well-being. The objective of the IMAGE model is to explore the long-term dynamics and impacts of global changes that result from interacting socio-economic and environmental factors. The model is often used to develop scenarios supporting environmental assessments and provide insights into the consequences of different response strategies. News on the IMAGE model is captured at the IMAGE website.

The IMAGE modelling framework has been developed since the 1980s. Originally, the model focused only on climate change, but the focus has shifted to other environmental and sustainable development issues over time. The IMAGE 3.3 version was released in 2022. IMAGE is documented on this website (including updates) and a previous version can be found in the IMAGE 3.0 book.In 2014, 2018, 2020 and 2021 IMAGE was reviewed by an international advisory board. The development strategy for the period 2022-2027 is elaborated in the IMAGE strategy document.

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