Implementation of biofuel targets

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Description: Policies to enhance the use of biofuels, especially in the transport sector. In the Agricultural economy component only 'first generation' crops are taken into account. The policy is implemented as a budget-neutral policy from government perspective, e.g. a subsidy is implemented to achieve a certain share of biofuels in fuel production and an end-user tax is applied to counterfinance the implemented subsidy.
Reference: Banse et al., 2008
Is implemented in: Agricultural economy
Associated theme items: Energy demand (Energy)Energy system (Energy)Other energy (Energy)Agricultural land use (Land use)Eco goods and services (NB)Land cover (NB)Other nature and biodiversity (NB)Climate mitigation (Climate)

Associated policy response component

Component: Air pollution and energy policies
Page: Air pollution and energy policies/Policy issues
Component: Land and biodiversity policies
Page: Land and biodiversity policies/Agricultural demand

Effects of this policy intervention on components

Component: Agricultural economy
Effect : Obligatory biofuel blending increases the demand for biofuel crops, e.g. maize and oil crops, which causes higher prices. Secondly, production will be increased and/or demand for food will decrease, due to these higher prices. Production can be increased by increasing external inputs, labour or land expansion.

Component: Land-use allocation
Effect : Targets for biofuel production/blending impact agricultural production and consequently land use.

Component: Terrestrial biodiversity
Effect : Targets for biofuel production/blending impact terrestrial biodiversity in two ways. Firstly, land used for biofuel crops usually has a negative impact on biodiversity. Secondly, mitigated climate change - due to the use of biofuels - probably has a positive impact on future biodiversity (change).

Component: Energy supply
Effect :

Component: Emissions
Effect :