Difference between revisions of "Nutrients/Description"

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{{ComponentDescriptionTemplate
 
{{ComponentDescriptionTemplate
|Reference=Bouwman et al., 2013c; Van Drecht et al., 2009; Cleveland et al., 1999; Salvagiotti et al., 2008; Beusen et al., 2014;
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|Reference=Bouwman et al., 2013c; Van Drecht et al., 2009; Cleveland et al., 1999; Salvagiotti et al., 2008; Beusen et al., 2014; Beusen et al., 2015; Beusen et al., 2016;  
 
|Description====Wastewater===
 
|Description====Wastewater===
 
Urban wastewater contains N and P emitted by households and industries that are connected to a sewerage system, and households with sanitation but without a sewerage connection.
 
Urban wastewater contains N and P emitted by households and industries that are connected to a sewerage system, and households with sanitation but without a sewerage connection.
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====Biological N<sub>2</sub> fixation====
 
====Biological N<sub>2</sub> fixation====
Data on biological N<sub>2</sub> fixation by leguminous crops (pulses and soybeans) are obtained from the N in the harvested product (see nutrient withdrawal) following the approach of ([[Salvagiotti et al., 2008]]). Thus any change in the rate of biological N<sub>2</sub> fixation by legumes is the result of yield changes for pulses and soybeans. In addition to leguminous crops, IMAGE uses an annual rate of biological N<sub>2</sub> fixation of 5 kg N per ha for non-leguminous crops and grass, and 25 kg N per ha for wetland rice. N fixation rates in natural ecosystems were based on the low estimates for areal coverage by legumes ([[Cleveland et al., 1999]]) as described by Bouwman et al. ([[Bouwman et al., 2013a|2013a]]).
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Data on biological N<sub>2</sub> fixation by leguminous crops (pulses and soybeans) are obtained from the N in the harvested product (see nutrient withdrawal) following the approach of ([[Salvagiotti et al., 2008]]). Thus any change in the rate of biological N<sub>2</sub> fixation by legumes is the result of yield changes for pulses and soybeans. In addition to leguminous crops, IMAGE uses an annual rate of biological N<sub>2</sub> fixation of 5 kg N per ha for non-leguminous crops and grass, and 25 kg N per ha for wetland rice. N fixation rates in natural ecosystems were based on the low estimates for areal coverage by legumes ([[Cleveland et al., 1999]]) as described by Bouwman et al. ([[Bouwman et al., 2013a]]).
  
 
====Atmospheric deposition====  
 
====Atmospheric deposition====  

Revision as of 14:31, 2 November 2016