Computer models overview

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Computer models implement the components (conceptual models) of IMAGE framework.
Computer models are classified in: core, associated, related and other used external models/data sources.

  • Core IMAGE models are used for the integrated assessments projects and developed by the IMAGE team or in close collaboration with partners.
  • Associated models use the results of the core models to compute various impacts. These models are developed in consultation with the IMAGE team
  • Related models are not part of the IMAGE framework, but may be used in the framework, depending on the type of project. They are not developed by the IMAGE team.
  • External models/data sources are used for data only.

Venn diagram core model
Venn diagram of models used in IMAGE framework

Core computer models

Computer modelImplementation of componentSubjectDeveloped by
CEDS database Air pollution and energy policies Historical emissions database for greenhouse gases and pollutants. PNNL, University of Maryland
FAIR model Climate policy Policy response PBL
IMAGE land management model Land-use allocation;Forest management;Livestock systems;Land cover and land use;Emissions;Nutrients Land management PBL
LPJmL model Carbon cycle and natural vegetation;Crops and grass;Water Carbon, vegetation, agriculture and water PIK
MAGICC model Atmospheric composition and climate climate
TIMER model Energy supply and demand;Energy supply;Energy conversion;Emissions;Energy demand Energy supply and demand PBL

Associated computer models

Computer modelImplementation of componentSubjectDeveloped by
CLUMondo model Land-use allocation agriculture
GISMO model Human development Impacts on human development PBL
GLOBIO model Terrestrial biodiversity;Ecosystem services;Aquatic biodiversity;Land degradation Impacts on biodiversity PBL
GLOFRIS model Flood risks Flood risk assessment IVM;PBL;Deltares;UU

Related computer models

Computer modelImplementation of componentSubjectDeveloped by
GUAM model health PBL
MAGNET model Agricultural economy Agricultural economy LEI

Other used computer models

Computer modelSubjectDeveloped by
AD RICE model Damage and adaptaptation costs
DIVA model Consequences of sea-level rise and socio-economic development GCF
EFIGTM model Forestry EFI
ENV-Growth model Economy OECD
ENV-Linkages model economics and environment OECD
GRIP model Roads PBL
Global Urban Air quality Model Global Urban Air quality
IMPACT model Agricultural economy IFPRI
PCR-GLOBWB model Water balance UU
POLES model weggooien energy Enerdata

Data sources

Data sourceSubjectDeveloped by
AR4 (IPCC) database climate, socio-economic and environmental data IPCC
CRU database climate
EDGAR database The Emissions Database for Global Atmospheric Research PBL;EC-JRC
EU-watch database Climate CEH
Enerdata Global Energy & CO2 Data weggooien Enerdata Global Energy & CO2 Data Enerdata;EU-JRC-IPTS;CNRS;LEPII
FAOSTAT database agriculture, food FAO
GAINS database Air pollutants and greenhouse gases IIASA
GLOBE Digital Elevation Model NOAA
GLWD database WWF
GTAP database Economic data PurDue University
GlobCover database ESA
HWSD database Soil properties FAO;IIASA
HYDE database History Database of the Global Environment PBL
HydroSHEDS database Elevation WWF;USGS
IEA database energy IEA
IIASA database Land-use IIASA
IUCN dataset Fishery
Lake-Depth Data Set
S-World database
WDPA database Protected areas
WEC-Uranium World Energy Council - Uranium resource data WEC
WHO database health UN
WISE database soil
Wildfinder database Distribution of species WWF
World Bank database Human Development The World Bank
WorldClim database

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